Lecture 27 (4-26) - e.g., Gros Ventre (Atsina) Japanese...

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Biological and Social Meanings of Race Race” (subspecies) in biological taxonomy Genetic bases of classification Human genetic variation at the population level Ethnobiology and folk taxonomies Racial classification and racism in historical perspective Biological Meanings of “Race” Population Polytypic species Polygenic inheritance of traits (continuous distribution or cline) Mitochondrial DNA Research of Allan Wilson, Rebecca Cann and Mark Stoneking established ancestry of all living human populations We are all descended from a woman who lived in Africa ca. 100,000 to 200,000 years ago Population Genetics Within group (intragroup) variation is greater than between group (intergroup) variation Ex. genetic variation is greater among “Asians” than between “Asians” and “Caucasians” Folk Taxonomies Ethnobiology – cultural systems that classify objects and organisms Pseudospeciation Incorrectly creating species distinctions among human groups
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Unformatted text preview: e.g., Gros Ventre (Atsina) Japanese burakumin ( eta-hinin: polluted non-person) Racial classification and racism in historical perspective Egyptians, Greeks and Romans European Dark Ages Age of Exploration, Colonialism and Conquest Linnaeus Biological Determinism The incorrect concept that behaviors, such as intelligence and morality, are based on biology (genes) Therefore, a persons capacity for behavior can be read from biological traits, such as skin color. Eugenics philosophy of race improvement Racism Cultural phenomenon that is found worldwide Based on stereotypes derived from biological determinism Racist ideologies have no biological basis Hypodescent Persons of mixed race are classified as the socially devalued race, regardless of appearance Manifested in America as the one-drop rule...
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Lecture 27 (4-26) - e.g., Gros Ventre (Atsina) Japanese...

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