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Chapter3.pptx - Chapter 3: The Constitution Section 1: A...

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Chapter 3: The ConstitutionSection 1: A Blueprint for GovernmentSection 2: An Enduring DocumentSection 3: Applying the Constitution
Section 1: Blueprint ofGovernanceThe Constitutionoutlines 6 basic principles of U.S. gov’tthe powers of government are limited in order to protectindividual rights.divides the powers of gov’t among 3 separate branches:legislative, executive, and judicial.includes checks and balances to prevent any one branch ofgov’t from overpowering the others.
Goals of the ConstitutionThe Framers stated six goals in the Preamble:1. form a more perfect union2. establish justice3. ensure domestic tranquility4. provide for the common defense5. promote the general welfare6. secure the blessings of liberty
Governing after a RevolutionThe Framers were concerned with government suppressing the liberty of itscitizens.British legacyFramers fought AmericanRevolution to stop Britishgovernment from infringingon natural rightsWere students of politicalphilosophy and historyAchievements and failures ofpast governments well-knownExamplesGreek city-statesRoman EmpireEuropean monarchiesConstitution of the IroquoisLeagueDecisions with long-lastingconsequences—no repeat ofpast mistakes
Addressing the Problem of GoverningDilemma of democraticgovernmentAllowingpeople substantialfreedomAuthor of Federalist PaperNo. 51 describes dilemmaSystem of law essentialGovernment obliged “tocontrol itself”Laws help maintain order,protect rights, property, andlivesLaws must be enforceable, withexplicit threat of punishmentMust keep government in check
Principles of Government in theConstitutionFramers’ solutionCreate governing documentDivide, distribute, andbalance governmental powerBill of RightsFinal check on powerInclusion of Bill of Rights in1791Uses of powerGovernment power subject towill of the peoplePower as votersRestraintsPlaced specific restraints onpower of governmentCannot violate basic rights ofcitizens
The Constitution is the BlueprintFramers believed if federal government reflected and remained true to basicprinciples, goals of U.S. Constitution could be accomplished.4,500 wordsPreamble—states broad goalsThe seven articles—createstructure of the U.S.governmentThe amendments—27changes added during thenation’s historySix basic principles— Popular sovereignty— Limited government— Separation of powers— Checks and balances— Judicial review— Federalism
Popular SovereigntyGovernment gets its authority from the peopleCreating a republic established the people’s authority— Citizens did not have unlimited power— Not a direct democracy— Placed constitutional limits on popular sovereigntyJames Madison felt republic best way to guard against the dangers offactions— Number of citizens united by common interest— Could be minority or majority— Might act in a way that hurt the rights of other citizens or the interests ofthe nation

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Term
Fall
Professor
Mee Mee
Tags
Marbury v Madison, Separation of Powers, Federal government of the United States

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