ROBERT_YEBOAH_REFLECTION_ON_THE_COGITO_E.docx - A REFLECTION ON THE \u201cCOGITO ERGO SUM\u201d PROPOSITION 1.0 INTRODUCTION The aim of this thesis is to

ROBERT_YEBOAH_REFLECTION_ON_THE_COGITO_E.docx - A...

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A REFLECTION ON THE “COGITO ERGO SUM” PROPOSITION 1.0 INTRODUCTION The aim of this thesis is to reject Rene Descartes problem of dualism in favour of Aristotle’s hylomorphism . The presentation is intended to put into perspective the fact that the relationship between the body and the mind is a philosophical dilemma . The profound statement “ Cogito, Ergo Sum” that Descartes proposed truly defines the extent of all objective human knowledge. The basic strategy of Rene Descartes was to consider false any belief that falls prey to even the slightest doubt. This doubt then serves to clear the way for what Descartes considers to be an unprejudiced search for the truth . From here Descartes sets out to find something that lies beyond all doubt. He eventually discovers that “I exist” is impossible to doubt and is, therefore, absolutely certain. This, in turn, serves to fix the certainty of everything that is clearly and distinctly understood and provides the epistemological foundation Descartes set out to find. While Rene Descartes thought the humans could be separated into body and mind, he felt into the problem of interactionism. Aristotle’s doctrine of hylomorphism serves as a solution to Descartes’ dualism and interactionism. Aristotle saw humans to be irreducible composites of matter and form (Hylomorphism). The reason and the intellect are part of the human ‘form’, and he would not agree with the Cartesian claim that thinking can be divorced from the body. The easy provides an overview of Descartes’ philosophical thought as it relates to these various metaphysical, and epistemological issues and covering the area as Aristotle’s Hylomorphism contradicts this philosophical thought of Descartes. Rene Descartes’ Discourse on methods and meditations on first philosophy and Aristotle’s “ Hylomorphism” are frameworks of the thesis. 2.0 A REFLECTION ON THE “COGITO ERGO SUM” PROPOSITION. 2.1 RENE DESCARTES: EARLY LIFE 1
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Rene Descartes was born to Joachim Descartes and Jeanne Brochard on March 31, 1596 in La Haye, France near Tours. He was the youngest of the couple’s three surviving children. The oldest child, Pierre, died soon after his birth on October 19, 1589. His sister, Jeanne, was probably born sometime the following year, while his surviving older brother, also named Pierre, was born on October 19, 1591. The Descartes clan was a bourgeois family composed of mostly doctors and some lawyers. Joachim Descartes fell into this latter category and spent most of his career as a member of the provincial parliament. After the death of their mother, which occurred soon after René’s birth, the three Descartes children were sent to their maternal grandmother, Jeanne Sain, to be raised in La Haye and remained there even after their father remarried in 1600. Not much is known about his early childhood, but René is thought to have been a sickly and fragile child, so much so that when he was sent to board at the Jesuit College at La Fleche on Easter of 1607. There, René was not obligated to rise at 5:00am with the other boys for morning prayers but was allowed to rest until 10:00am mass. At La Fleche, Descartes completed the usual
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