[Type here]Footnotes to LiteratureFahrenheit 451Novel by Ray BradburyDel Ray, 1991Footnotes and Student Activities Compiled by Kristin Runyon on Behalf of EIUTPS
[Type here]Table of ContentsFootnotePage in NovelType of SourceStrategy1. hearth & salamander1dictionary entries graphic organizer chart(motif)2. minstrel man4dictionary & imagesgraphic organizer web(key concept)3. Clarisse, Guy Montag6website & videoreference fornames(symbolism)4. fireman7etymology dictionary visual representation(key difference) 5. jet bombers13-14videos“Put Yourself in the Picture”(key difference)6. science/speculative fiction 15web articlequotation scavenger hunt(genre)7. seashells & wall-TV16-20ads & articlesilent conversation &(key concept)advertisement/PSA8. dystopian32dystopiancreative rewrite of scene(genre)characteristics9. first fireman34Bill of Rightspoint of view writing(key concept)10. books38articles about reading3-2-1 notes &
[Type here](key concept)ad or PSA11. Additional resourcesFor documents not provided in this resource, many webpages can beconverted to PDF documents using
[Type here]Footnote #1Title of this first section: “The Hearth and the Salamander”Page 1; “Part One: The Hearth and the Salamander”Resource:Graphic organizer 4-column chart; definitions from Merriam-Webster online provided for hearthand salamander.Activity:Students will use chart to keep track of references to fire, hearth, home, salamander and the symbolism throughout the novel (with ongoing additions to chart paper on the walls). After each Part in small groups (3-4), students will summarize the overall symbolism of fire in that section paying attention to how Bradbury’s use of fire changes over the course of the novel(which also shows how fire is a motif more than a symbol).
Fire Motif in Fahrenheit 451Quotation and page #Definition/ImageSymbolism in storyImportance to storyHearthin title of “Part One: The Hearth and the Salamander”Hearth—floor of fireplace; area in front of fireplace; symbol of one’s home-webster.com/dictionary/hearthThe word hearthis onlyused in the title of part one; it does not appear in the text of the novel.The title essentially means “The Home and the Man”The use of hearthis ironic because in “Part One,” Montag’s house is described as cold andimpersonal. Salamanderin the title of “Part One: The Hearth and the Salamander”Salamander—a small animal that looks like a lizard with smooth skin and that lives both on land and in water; a mythical animal have the power to endure fire without harm-webster.com/dictionary/salamanderThe salamander is the symbol of the firemen; the image of a salamander is on Montag’s coat, helmet, and lighter.