Trad104FinalSG - Trad 104 Final Exam Study Guide 1 When did Muhammed live and what was his reputation among the Arab peoples of Mecca before he

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Trad 104 Final Exam Study Guide 1. When did Muhammed live and what was his reputation among the Arab peoples of Mecca before he started receiving the revelations? - He was a prophet who lived from 570-632 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. - Orphaned at an early age. - Goes to live with an uncle named Abu Talib. - Holy and righteous person - Mecca was a polytheistic society. - There were a few Hanifs (believed in one God, the God of Abraham.) - Married to Khadija (40.) Wealthy merchant. The only wife Muhammed had until she died. He then went on to marry 10 other women. 2. Explain Muhammed’s religious experience on Mt. Hira. - Prayer in a cave on Mt. Hira - 610- the Angel Gabriel appears to him and commands him to RECITE! A reciter has special privileges to prophesize. - He begins to recite the first words of the Quran (Koran) 3. What is the Qu’ran or Koran? Be familiar with the actual meaning of this term as well as the major themes as discussed in lecture. Quran= recitation - The Quran accepts the religion of Judaism and Christianity as precursors to Islam. Jesus is considered a great prophet and will have a role in the Final Judgement. It will be based on your actions more than your beliefs. - Both Muhammad and all the prophets are mere mortals, in no way divine. They are forbidden to portray Muhammad in images so that people won’t idolize or worship him and get distracted from worshipping God. - Condemnation of ethical abuses and mistreatment of the poor and needy - The Quran is the literal WORD of God dictated by the Angel Gabriel to the prophet Muhammad. - Muhammad believed that there was only ONE GOD, and this is key for religious revelation. 4. What is the “Night of Power” in Islam (Laylat al-Qadr)? the anniversary of two very important dates in Islam that occurred in the month of Ramadan. Shia Muslims believe that this night is when their fate in the following year is decided and hence pray for God all night long and pray for mercy and salvation. On the 27th night of the fasting month of Ramadan, the Prophet is said to have received from the angel Gabriel the first of the many revelations that made up the Q'uran. Muslims throughout the world venerate this day as the holiest night of the year, the Night of Power and Revelation. 5. Over what period of time was the Qu’ran revealed to the prophet Muhammed? - The Quran was revealed to Muhammad over the rest of his lifetime. 6. Be able to define the following Islamic terms: Eid al-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, Ka’bah, hijab, jihad, dhikr, Bismillah, mihrab, jumah, adhan, muezzin, Allahu Akbar, Al Fatihah, salam alaikum - Eid al-Fitr - a Muslim holiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting. - Eid al-Adha - a religious festival celebrated by Muslims worldwide as a commemoration of Ibrahim's (Abraham's) willingness to sacrifice his son Ismael for Allah. -
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course TRAD 104 taught by Professor Freeble during the Fall '08 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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Trad104FinalSG - Trad 104 Final Exam Study Guide 1 When did Muhammed live and what was his reputation among the Arab peoples of Mecca before he

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