Antidepressants Medication Sheet.docx - Antidepressants Possible Indications Depression Eating disorder Pain disorder Enuresis OCD GAD PTSD Paraphilias

Antidepressants Medication Sheet.docx - Antidepressants...

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Antidepressants Possible Indications: Depression, Eating disorder, Pain disorder, Enuresis, OCD, GAD, PTSD, Paraphilias, PMS, Smoking cessation. Therapeutic effects: Mood : Reduce sadness, irritability, and anhedonia . Thoughts : Reduce hopelessness, pessimism, guilt, and suicidal thoughts, improve concentration and memory. Behavior: Improve diminish libido; reduce somatic complaints; improve energy and appetite Sleep : Improve sleep disturbance (insomnia, early morning awakening, hypersomnia) Onset : All antidepressant may take as long as 6 weeks to achieve therapeutic effect and may take longer for maximum benefit. Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOI) Generic Brand Dose Half-life Tranylcypromine Parnate ® 10 – 60 mg/d unknown Phenelzine Nardil ® 7.5 – 90 mg/d unknown Isocarboxazid Marplan ® 10 – 60 mg/d unknown * Selegiline Transdermal System * Emsam ® 6 mg – 9 mg/24 hr 16 – 69 hours Tyramine is an amino acid released from proteins during aging, fermenting, pickling, smoking, and spoiling. In the body, tyramine triggers the release of norepinephrine from adrenergic nerve endings and is then deactivated by monoamine oxidase (MAO) in the liver and intestine. However, in a patient taking a MAO inhibitor, tyramine levels may increase and cause large amounts of norepinephrine to be released, which could lead to a hypertensive reaction and intracranial bleed. Aged Cheeses Blue Gouda Romano Camembert Parmesan Stilton Cheddar Provolone Swiss Alcoholic Beverages Beer Liqueurs Sherry Cognac Red Wine Fish Caviar Fermented, aged Smoked Shrimp paste cured or dried Pickled Fruits Bananas Raisins Fig Prunes Meats Beef or chicken liver Smoked and processed meats Corned beef (such as bologna, pepperoni, salami) Vegetables Avocados Fermented bean curd Sauerkraut Chinese pea pods Olives Pickles Fava beans Flat Italian Beans Soybean paste Other Sources Beverages containing caffeine Monosodium Glutamate
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