RESEARCH ETH CS
What’s Research Ethics? ▪ Ethics is concerned with distinguishing between right and wrong human actions. ▪ Research ethics is a field of ethics that systematically analyzes the ethical and legal questions raised by research involving human subjects. ▪ Research ethics is defined here to be the ethics of the planning, conducting, and reporting of research. It is clear that research ethics should include: protections of human and animal subjects .
Historical Background ▪ World War II: Nazi Doctors’ Experimentation: Nuremberg ▪ Tuskegee Syphilis Study, Alabama ( 1932 – 1972 ) ▪ The Belmont Report (1979) ▪ Reading assignment
CODES OF ETHICS IN RESEARCH
1. Honesty – Strive for honesty in all scientific communications. – Honestly report data, results, methods and procedures, and publication status. – Do not fabricate, falsify, or misrepresent data. – Do not deceive colleagues, granting agencies, or the public. 2. Openness – Share data, results, ideas, tools, resources etc. – Be open to criticisms, opinions and new ideas 5
3. Objectivity – Strive to avoid bias in experimental design, data analysis, data interpretation, peer review, personnel decisions, grant writing, expert testimony, and other aspects of research where objectivity is expected or required. – Avoid or minimize bias or self-deception. Disclose personal or financial interests that may affect research. 4. Integrity – Keep your promises and agreements. – Act with sincerity. – Strive for consistency of thought and action. 6
5. Carefulness – Avoid careless errors and negligence. – Carefully and critically examine your own work and the work of your peers. – Keep good records of research activities, such as data collection, research design, and correspondence with agencies or journals. 6. Responsible Publication – Publish in order to advance research and scholarship, not to advance just your own career. Avoid wasteful and duplicative publication. 7