HUMAN VAUES.docx - HUMAN VAUES According to Aristotle the...

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HUMAN VAUESAccording to Aristotle, the ultimate good of man consists of an aggregate of goods which would helphim attain happiness in this lifeAnything which contributes to man’s development, comfort, and well-being is a VALUE.1 . THE MEANING OF VALUESAnything which satisfies a human need. Value is identical to that which is good defined by Aristotle as “fitting a function.”Anything which enriches our experiences of life is a value, such as a person, a relationship, a feeling, an object, a place, an event, an opportunity, a profession, a work, a travel or a state of being.2. THE SIGNIFICANCE OF VALUESValues enriches our experiences of life and bring happiness.Actions are values because they are the means we employ to attain happiness.Morally good actions bring happiness, while immoral actions bring unhappiness.CULTURAL VALUES – those that are shared in a community such as ideals, laws, customs, beliefs, rituals and ceremonies3. KINDS OF VALUESBIOLOGICAL VALUES- Are necessary to the physical survival and growth of man.PSYCHOLOGICAL VALUES- Are necessary to the psychological maturation of man,INTELLECTUAL VALUES- Are necessary to the mental fulfillment of man.MORAL VALUES- Are necessary for the development of character.4.HIERARCHY OF VALUESBIOLOGICAL VALUES - Which corresponds to our survival and procreation, are the lowestSOCIAL VALUES - Corresponding to our psychological growth are the lower middle valuesINTELLECTUAL VALUES- Corresponding to our mental growthMORAL VALUES – Corresponding to spiritual development5. SOCIAL DIMENSIONS OF VALUESThe authenticity of values consists in their being shared with others. The higher a value goes up the ranking the more it becomes altruisticThe lower values are seen as competitive and egotistic because they tend towards the accumulation of material possession which man finds difficult to share with others.BIOLOGICAL VALUE leads to war to defend or acquire the source of food.PSYCHOLOGICAL VALUE lends itself to sharing with others.INTELLECTUAL VALUE is altruistic.MORAL VALUES are even more meaningful because it allows man to live with others in peace and harmony.6. MORAL VALUES - Are those pertaining to the function of the intellect and the will – our choices, decisions, actions, and habits.7. CHARATERISTICS OF MORAL VALUESThey have INTRINSIC WORTH - Moral values are in themselves good independent of our opinion of themThey are UNIVERSALLY ACCEPTED BY THE PEOPLE - None would find fault with helping theneedy, testifying on the truth or working honestly for a living.

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