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Opium Wars and The Taiping RebellionArresa Lozada | Module 2 CaseDr. Carl Garrigus | Trident University International
The Opium WarsIn the 18thcentury, Great Britain imported large quantities of tea from China. Because ofthe chronic trade imbalances, Great Britain struggled to find products that the Chinese can buy.From the mid to late 18thcentury, a British trading company, the East India Company began tosell opium to British traders, who will ship it to China. Despite the fact that the drug was bannedin 1729, this did not stop British traders (The Editors of Encyclopaedia, n.d.). Opium became theproduct that greatly reduced Great Britain’s chronic trade imbalance with China. It led to anincrease in addiction among Chinese citizens and caused so many social problems. In 1833, the East India Company loses its control over China by an act of the Britishgovernment, but the remainder of the staff will not leave China until 1834. Because of the 1833act, more merchants were allowed to carry opium to China, which builds the measure of the drugthat is imported (The Editors of Encyclopaedia, n.d.). This, thus, prompts a more noteworthynumber of Chinese residents getting addicted and fuels the current social and financial issues thatthe opium exchange and dependence on the medication have just brought into China.In the spring of 1839, the Chinese government confiscates and destroys a great amount ofopium. According to The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica (n.d.), the Chinese governmenttook away more than 20,000 chests being warehoused at Canton by British merchants. China's endeavor to boycott the closeout of opium in the port city of Canton prompts theOpium War of 1839 in which the Chinese are crushed by prevalent British arms and whichbrings about the inconvenience of the first of many "Inconsistent Treaties" (Asia For Educators,n.d.) These arrangements open different urban areas, "Treaty Ports" — first along the coast and