Quiz 3 - Maiden, Mother, Crone 07/11/2007 17:01:00 Homeric...

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Unformatted text preview: Maiden, Mother, Crone 07/11/2007 17:01:00 Homeric Hymn to Demeter Aetiology- The Eleusinian Mysteries (in Eleusis); (lines 480-482); comes from mystes mysteries were rituals; Eleusis ten miles from Athens, Athens took over it dont know much about what was happening there, hence mysterious mystes = Greek for initiation; Pindar: Blessed is he who has seen this and thus goes beneath the earth; he knows the end of life, he knows the beginning given by Zeus. Greek poet said that about the mysteries, 5 th century B.C.E.-ish Sophocles: Thrice blessed are those mortals who have seen these rites and thus enter into Hades: for them alone there is life, for the others all is misery. 5 th century apparently, you learned important stuff in these mysteries; people punished if revealed what happened there A hieros logos about the two goddesses hieros means sacred, logos account two goddesses: Persephone and her mother, Demeter closely linked, mostly because of this story Persephone Lost story starts with: Persephone in the locus amoenus; Nysa locus means place, amoenus means pleasant please where young virgins go to spend time in nature, raped by gods Okeanids; Trick of Gaia (Earth) her companions are the Okeanids Gaia (earth as goddess, cooperating with Zeusher grandsonto make this take place) tricks her by making a narcissus come up and Persephone picks it The appearance of Hades (Aidoneus) earth splits and Hades comes up, takes her down in his chariot wanted a wife Persephone the exogamic bride- a sympathetic view Crone- Mother- Maiden theme of the three-fold goddess; the three phases of a females life roles played by: Gaia- Demeter- Persephone (Kore) Persephone known as Kore, which means maiden Demeter the Crone Tearing the veil; leaving Olympus starts to wander around the earth, looking for her daughter tearing the veil is significant: indicating that she is rejecting her domestic role in the house of Olympus; rejecting the power of Zeus Hekate and Helios Hekate tells Demeter she heard her daughter cry out but doesnt know what happened go to Helios (sun must see all); Helios tells them it was Hades but says it was a good thing he carried her off, good marriage (referred to three-fold division between Hades, Zeus, and Poseidon) Demeter at Eleusis as a crone in anger, Demeter changes her form into a crone; no one in Eleusis recognizes her Parthenian Well- the maidens well sits there, conversation with maidens gives them a blessing about marriage: this is a good thing because crones traditionally set marriages talk about a job for her; daughters of king Demeter nurses Demophoon later versions, Demophoon is Triptolemus Demeter teaches Triptolemus later on in the hymn, as an adult...
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Quiz 3 - Maiden, Mother, Crone 07/11/2007 17:01:00 Homeric...

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