Quiz 3 - Maiden Mother Crone 3:01:00 PM Homeric Hymn to...

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Maiden, Mother, Crone 07/11/2007 17:01:00 Homeric Hymn to Demeter • Aetiology- The Eleusinian Mysteries (in Eleusis); (lines 480-482); comes from mystes mysteries were rituals; Eleusis ten miles from Athens, Athens took over it don’t know much about what was happening there, hence mysterious ‘mystes’ = Greek for initiation; Pindar: “Blessed is he who has seen this and thus goes beneath the earth; he knows the end of life, he knows the beginning given by Zeus”. Greek poet said that about the mysteries, 5 th century B.C.E.-ish Sophocles: “Thrice blessed are those mortals who have seen these rites and thus enter into Hades: for them alone there is life, for the others all is misery.” 5 th century apparently, you learned important stuff in these mysteries; people punished if revealed what happened there • A hieros logos about the two goddesses “hieros” means sacred, “logos” account two goddesses: Persephone and her mother, Demeter closely linked, mostly because of this story Persephone Lost
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• story starts with: Persephone in the locus amoenus; Nysa “locus” means place, “amoenus” means pleasant please where young virgins go to spend time in nature, raped by gods • Okeanids; Trick of Gaia (Earth) her companions are the Okeanids Gaia (earth as goddess, cooperating with Zeus—her grandson—to make this take place) tricks her by making a narcissus come up and Persephone picks it • The appearance of Hades (Aidoneus) earth splits and Hades comes up, takes her down in his chariot wanted a wife • Persephone the exogamic bride- a sympathetic view • Crone- Mother- Maiden theme of the three-fold goddess; the three phases of a female’s life roles played by: Gaia- Demeter- Persephone (Kore) Persephone known as “Kore,” which means maiden Demeter the Crone • Tearing the veil; leaving Olympus starts to wander around the earth, looking for her daughter “tearing the veil” is significant: indicating that she is rejecting her domestic role in the
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house of Olympus; rejecting the power of Zeus • Hekate and Helios Hekate tells Demeter she heard her daughter cry out but doesn’t know what happened go to Helios (sun must see all); Helios tells them it was Hades but says it was a good thing he carried her off, good marriage (referred to three-fold division between Hades, Zeus, and Poseidon) • Demeter at Eleusis as a crone in anger, Demeter changes her form into a crone; no one in Eleusis recognizes her • Parthenian Well- the maidens’ well sits there, conversation with maidens gives them a blessing about marriage: this is a good thing because crones traditionally set marriages talk about a job for her; daughters of king • Demeter nurses Demophoon later versions, Demophoon is Triptolemus Demeter teaches Triptolemus later on in the hymn, as an adult
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