Week 7 Lecture 1 Smoking Cessation.pdf - \u201cCIGARETTE SMOKING\u2026 Rx for CHANGE is the chief single avoidable cause of death in our society and the most

Week 7 Lecture 1 Smoking Cessation.pdf - u201cCIGARETTE...

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1 Copyright © 1999-2014 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. Updated August 2014. Rx for CHANGE Clinician-Assisted Tobacco Cessation is the chief, single, avoidable cause of death in our society and the most important public health issue of our time.” C. Everett Koop, M.D., former U.S. Surgeon General “CIGARETTE SMOKING… All forms of tobacco are harmful. WORLDWIDE ADULT TOBACCO USE PREVALENCE (Men/Women) World Health Organization Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic (2011). U.S. updates from: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2014). MMWR 63:29–34. Canada 24/17 USA 21/16 Kiribati 71/43 Brazil 22/13 Greece 63/41 Russian Federation 59/24 China 51/2 Papua New Guinea 58/31 UK/ Northern Ireland 25/23 France 36/27 South Africa 36/10 Japan 42/12 Philippines 47/10 India 26/4 Iran 26/2 Australia 22/19 Mexico 24/8 TRENDS in ADULT CIGARETTE CONSUMPTION U.S., 1900 2011 Annual adult per capita cigarette consumption and major smoking and health events Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (1999). MMWR 48:986–993. Per-capita updates from U.S. Department of Agriculture and (since 2000) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2012). MMWR 61:565–569. 1964 Surgeon General’s Report Great Depression End of WW II First modern reports linking smoking and cancer Federal cigarette tax doubles Master Settlement Agreement; California first state to enact ban on smoking in bars Broadcast ad ban Cigarette price drop Nonsmokers’ rights movement begins Number of cigarettes Year U.S. entry into WW I 20 states have > $1 pack tax Marketing of filtered cigarettes TRENDS in ADULT SMOKING, by SEX—U.S., 1955–2013 Trends in cigarette current smoking among persons aged 18 or older Graph provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1955 Current Population Survey; 1965–2013 NHIS. Estimates since 1992 include some-day smoking. Percent 69% want to quit 53% tried to quit in the past year Males Females 20.5% 15.3% 17.8% of adults are current smokers Year STATE-SPECIFIC PREVALENCE of SMOKING among ADULTS, 2013 * Has smoked ≥ 100 cigarettes during lifetime and currently smokes either every day or some days. < 13.0% 13.0 – 15.9% 16.0 – 18.9% 19.0 – 21.9% ≥ 22.0% Prevalence of current* smoking (2013)
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2 Copyright © 1999-2014 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. Updated August 2014. PREVALENCE of ADULT SMOKING, by RACE/ETHNICITY—U.S., 2013 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2014). MMWR 63:1108–1112. 9.6% 26.1% 18.3% 19.4% 12.1% 26.8% Percent Asian American Indian/Alaska Native Black White Hispanic Multiple race PREVALENCE of ADULT SMOKING, by EDUCATION—U.S., 2013 Percent Undergraduate degree No high school diploma GED diploma High school graduate Some college 9.1% Graduate degree 24.2% 22.0% 20.9% 5.6% 41.4% Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2014). MMWR 63:1108–1112. TRENDS in TEEN SMOKING, by ETHNICITY—U.S., 1977–2014 Trends in cigarette smoking among 12th graders: 30-day prevalence of use Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Monitoring the Future Project Percent White Hispanic Black PUBLIC HEALTH versus “BIG TOBACCO” The biggest opponent to tobacco control efforts is the tobacco industry itself.
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