M-Step Review WWI, WWII, and the Cold War: By Ms. CawleyCommunistDemocraticCommunistDemocratic
Democracy: the people are in charge, vote and have freedom! Communism: one or a few people make ALL the decisions and people have very little freedom (people end up suffering). WWI, WWII , the Cold War, Vietnam and Korean Warsagainst
Traditional European Rules of War1.A country must declare war before attacking another country. 2.Each side must wear uniforms or identify themselves to each other before attacking. 1.Soldiers wearing an enemy uniform will be shot as a spy. 3.Commanding officers should not be targeted.4.Civilians, surrendering soldiers and medical personnel will not be attacked.
Traditional European Rules of War5. Hand to Hand combat is honorable, shooting from a distance is cowardly. 6. Soldiers must be given the opportunity to surrender honorably.
World War I•In the early 1900’s, the tensions between European nations both in the continent and through their oversea empires resulted in war.
World War I•World War I saw many of the European empires fighting against each other. •World War I was fought from 1914 until 1918, and was partially caused by European imperialism.
World War I•Many of the great empires of the pre-war period (including the German, Austro-Hungarian, Russian, and Ottoman Empire), were greatly weakened by the war.
8In a NutshellWhen did it happen?1914–1918Where did it happen?Europe, Africa and the Middle EastWho fought in the war?1) Allied Powers (Leading member: Britain)2) Central Powers(Leading member: Germany)Who won?The Allied PowersHow many died?Soldiers: 8 million Civilians or people who were not soldiers: 6 millionWorld War I
9Crisis and Conflict: Impact of World War I Copyright 2006Allied PowersBritainFranceSerbiaRussiaItaly (joined after May 1915)Central PowersGermanyAustria-HungaryOttoman Turkeyversus
10Causes for WWI1. Militarism2. Alliances3. Nationalism4. Imperialism5. AssassinationYou can remember the causesby remembering the word MANIA
11Crisis and Conflict: Impact of World War I Copyright 2006Britain:Largest colonial empire in the world.Most powerful navy.Britain:Largest colonial empire in the world.Most powerful navy.France:Resource-rich Alsace-Lorraine was annexed by Germany in the 1871 Franco-Prussian War.Looked for ways to recover it.France:Resource-rich Alsace-Lorraine was annexed by Germany in the 1871 Franco-Prussian War.Looked for ways to recover it.Germany:Rapid growth in economy and power after 1871 reunification.Best-trained and equipped army in Europe.Huge territorial ambition.Germany:Rapid growth in economy and power after 1871 reunification.Best-trained and equipped army in Europe.Huge territorial ambition.Russia:Largest empire in Europe.