Spanish American War and Imperialism.pptx - SPANISH...

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SPANISH AMERICAN WAR AND IMPERIALISM
MONROE DOCTRINE President James Monroe US does not want European influence or colonization of the Americas Granted amnesty to European nations who already had colonies Inspired by recent success in South American and Mexican wars of Independence
DISCUSS Why did the US feel a need to pass this doctrine?
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WHITE BOARD What nation seems to have the most territory?
WHY IMPERIALISM 3 REASONS 1) Economic: Desire for new markets and raw materials 2) Military : Desire for naval bases and coaling stations 3) Ideology: Desire to bring Christianity, western culture, and democracy to other people. Idea that European were superior and had to “civilize” the world
U.S. SCRAMBLE FOR TERRITORY The United States entered the imperialist competition later than the European powers U.S. begins imperialist policies with Hawaii
TAKING OVER HAWAII Bayonet Constitution - American business leaders forced the king of Hawaii to sign. Gave political control of Hawaii to American sugar planters in Hawaii For profits for business Queen Liliuokalani surrenders Hawaii in 1893. 1898 Hawaii annexed
WHITE BOARD Which of the reasons for Imperialism pushed the US to want Hawaii? Discuss your answer
THE CUBAN FIGHT FOR INDEPENDENCE :JUSTIFICATION FOR MORE TERRITORIES The Cuban people were fighting against Spain for independence Moral cause for war with Spain under Monroe Doctrine Could result in gaining taking of their over seas territories The Public and government had to be in favor of this fight.
SPANISH GOVERNMENT INCREASED BRUTALITY General Valeriano Wayler was brought in to end the rebellion in 1890’s Nicknamed the “Butcher” Reconcentration These were fortified concentration camps for inhabitants of more rebellious territories All inhabitants forced to live with in the camps causing widespread hunger and spread of Disease effective in calming rebellion but at high civilian cost
WHITE BOARD How do we get info from other nations?
YELLOW PRESS The situation in Cuba angered many Americans Large Newspaper companies sent reports to cover situation Joseph Pulitzer- New York World William Randolph Hearst- New York Journal Played on Fear of Spain’s Catholic Connection Sensationalize acts of violence against Cuban people(many were true)
DE LÔME LETTER Private letter from Spanish Ambassador is Published by the New York Journal characterizes U.S. President McKinley as "weak" Portrayed the US as immature, militarily weak, and lacking in diplomatic skill Pushed more anger towards Spain
ECONOMIC INTEREST IN CUBA There was many major US companies affected by violence in Cuba Companies wanted a settled peace in protect economic interests Sugar, Shipping, and Tobacco companies Companies urged US gov to intervene.
WHITE BOARD What type of event would push the US to go to war with Spain?
IMMEDIATE CAUSE OF SPAM Still tension: Cubans wanted full independence The USS Maine

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