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Running Head: CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF A QUALITATIVE RESEARCH 1Critical Appraisal of a Qualitative Research Study: Deciding Upon an Induction of LaborLacey KingAspen UniversityAuthor NoteHCA 320 Healthcare Policy and EconomicsProfessor LookingbillDecember 16, 2019Critical Appraisal of a Qualitative Research Study: Deciding Upon an Induction of Labor
CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF A QUALITATIVE RESEARCH STUDY 2IntroductionIn medicine, healthcare must treat the patient as a whole in order to achieve homeostasis as the physical, mental, and emotional state of a person all intertwine (Clark, 2015). Research must reflect perceptions, emotions, and experiences to understand if medicine is effective on more than just a physical level encouraging qualitative research to be performed (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2015). This essay discusses the critical appraisal of the qualitative research study performed by Jay, Thomas, & Brooks (2018). After analyzation of the study and its reliability, practical application is discussed in order to identify ways the care experience in laborand delivery can be improved.Research DesignA qualitative research study by Jay, Thomas, & Brooks was completed by comparing responses from 21 different women who were interviewed 3-6 weeks after delivery following an elective induction of labor (IOL) at 39 weeks (2018). The goal of the research was to increase knowledge as to how first time mother’s have gathered information as to the induction process, how they made the decision to participate in an IOL, how they believed the experience would go,and how the experience went in comparison with their initial thoughts. The evidence produced by this research is hoped to help first time mother’s increase their access to information, to learn before the IOL what they may experience, and assist them in their decision making process as to whether or not an IOL is right for them (Jay, Thomas, & Brooks, 2018). Research validity. This study published the participant’s age, reason for induction, ethnicity, occupation, and level of education. All of the interview questions were standardized and scrutinized prior to the interview to analyze for bias. The focus of the framework of this
CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF A QUALITATIVE RESEARCH STUDY 3study was to identify that patients who received an IOL made an informed choice. An interview utilizing open-ended questions was performed. Phrases as “tell me about how you” were utilized to allow each interviewee to disclose as much or as little information as they preferred (Jay, Thomas & Brooks, 2018, p. 23). Participants were selected from a postpartum unit in South England. Each participant was required to be at least 18, English speaking, low risk, nulliparous, lived with their partner, and had induced at 39 weeks gestation or later. By selecting nulliparious women, there was no prior experience to reflect upon which could have influenced their decisionto proceed with an IOL or their clinical expectations. The women were contacted by the midwife