Physical Education (prelim notes).docx - Physical Education(Prelim Notes Physical Education An integral part of educational program designed to promote

Physical Education (prelim notes).docx - Physical...

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Physical Education (Prelim Notes)Physical Education An integral part of educational program designed to promote the optimum development of the individual physically, socially, emotionally, and mentally, through totalbody movement in the performance of properly selected physical activities (Andin, 1988)Physical fitnessThe ability of the individual to accomplish daily task effectively and efficiently without undue fatigue and still have an ample energy to meet unforeseen emergencies.Fitness – a major goal of Physical EducationThe ability to live a healthy and satisfying and useful life. To live the “good life” means that an individual satisfies thebasis need s physical well being, love, affection, security and self-respectQuality of life – used to describe wellness. An individual with quality of life with little or no limitation and can function independently Physical Activity & ExercisePhyscial Activity – a bodily movement produced by skeletalmuscles. It requires energy expenditure and produces, progressive health benefits. (walking, gardening, dancing, etc.) Exercise – a type of physical activity that requires “planned, structured and repetitive bodily movement to improve or maintain one or more components of physical fitness.” (walking, running, cycling, aerobics, swimming and strength training)Health and wellness benefits of exercise Improved Cardiovascular Fitness Strong heart muscleLower heart rateIncrease oxugen to brainIncrease work capacity Improved coronary circulation (heart attack, stroke,hypertension)Increased oxygen carrying capacity of the bloodGreater body lean mass Greater work efficiently Less susceptible disease Improve appearance Less incidence of self concept problems related to obesityBone DevelopmentGreater peak bne density Less chance of osteoporosis The Basic of Heart Rate and Exercise Heart Rate (HR) – the number of times the heart rate beatsin one (minute). The rate at which heart the heart beats
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