American History Outline 557-561 - Indian People in Retreat...

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Indian People in Retreat 1. Promises Made and Broken a. Settlers and Miners asked for government protection from Indians 2. Fort Laramie Treaty a. Government built forts to protect settlers and miners b. Officials met with Indian nations in 1851 a. Officials asked Indians to keep a limited area b. In return they promised money, animas, agricultural tools, & goods c. Most Native Americans agreed d. Some Native Americans disagreed and attacked white men 3. The Chivington Massacre a. Colonel John Chivington led militia against village b. Indians surrendered but Chivington didn’t care c. Slaughtered more than 200 people d. Soldiers and Indians went to war 4. Learning “American” Ways a. Established Peace Commission b. Urged them to send children to white schools 5. Forced onto Reservations a. Tribes signed treaties with government-1867 b. Indian Territory to Oklahoma c. Poor Soil d. Other tribes agreed to go to South Dakota 6. End of the buffalo a. Disease, drought & destruction-Herds smaller b.
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