Apush ch 27 outline - Dylan Zhou Period 1 The Cold War l Origins of the Cold War Sources of Soviet-American Tension US and Soviet Union in 1940s had

Apush ch 27 outline - Dylan Zhou Period 1 The Cold War l...

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Dylan Zhou Period 1 The Cold War l. Origins of the Cold War Sources of Soviet-American Tension: US and Soviet Union in 1940s, had fundamental difference in how they envisioned postwar world -One, first openly outline in Atlantic Charter in 1941, was world where nations abandoned traditional beliefs in military alliances and spheres of influence, governed their relations with one another through democratic processes, with an international organization as an arbiter of disputes and protector of every nation’s right of self-determination -Other, envisioned structure where great powers would control areas of strategic interest to them, similar to traditional European balance of power Wartime Diplomacy: When Roosevelt and Churchill met in Casablanca, they could not accept Stalin’s demand for the immediate opening of a 2nd front in western Europe; tried to reassure Stalin by announcing that they would accept nothing less than the surrender of the Axis powers German advance against Russia had been halted and Soviet forces were now launching their own westward offensive Teheran Conference: Stalin agreed to an American request that the Soviet Union enter the war in the Pacific soon after the end of hostilities in Europe and Roosevelt promised an Anglo-American second front would be est. within 6 months Stalin wished to install another procommunist exiled gov’t in Poland and the three leaders avoided a bitter conclusion to the Teheran Conference only by leaving the issue unresolved Yalta: Roosevelt joined Churchill and Stalin for a great peace conference and the Big Three reached agreements Roosevelt agreed that the Sov. Union should receive some of the territory in the Pacific that Russia had lost in the Russo-Japan. War Agreed to the creation of the United Nations; became the basis of the UN charter, drafted at a conference of 50 nations beginning April 25, 1945 in San Fran. Roosevelt and Churchill insisted that the pro-Western London Poles must be allowed a place in the Warsaw regime; Roosevelt envisioned a gov’t based on free, democratic elections which both he and Stalin recognized the pro-Western forces would win The US, G.B., France, and the Soviet Union would each control its own zone of occupation in Germany and the zones were to be determined by the position of troops at the end of the war Berlin was to be divided into 4 sectors, one for each nation to occupy; no agreement on the reunification of Germany The Yalta accords were less a settlement of postwar issues than a set of loose principles that sidestepped the most difficult questions Stalin est. pro communist gov’ts in one Central or Eastern European nation after another as Stalin refused to make the changes in Poland that the president believed he had promised II. The Collapse of Peace: Harry S. Truman succeeded Roosevelt in the presidency when he died in 1945 The Failure of Potsdam: Truman met on April 23 with Soviet foreign minister Molotov and sharply chastised him for violations of
Dylan Zhou Period 1

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