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longhistoryessay - Simon Reissmann Mrs Bokovoy History...

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Simon Reissmann Mrs. Bokovoy History 102 “The dignity of man shall be inviolable” (First sentence of the first article of the Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany established in 1949)
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Index of contents: Content Page How Erich Maria Remarque and Käthe Schmidt 3 - 7 Kollwitz questioned the war and resisted militaristic and nationalistic ideas. The development and rise of fascism in Italy. 8 - 14 The Outcome of German fascism. 15 - 16 Primo Levi in Auschwitz. After WWII: The “Green movement“ 17 - 19 New courage in Germany. 2
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Remarque and Kollwitz question the war In 1914 the German Erich Maria Remarque at first welcomed the First World War as a chance to remake the petrified, narrow minded Victorian society and the end of complacency, tyranny and hypocrisy among the middle-class. This reaction was not very different from the majority of Europe's population. Nearly every nation was obsessed by the ideas of the new imperialism. The idea of social Darwinism, which means the survival of the fittest has fixed in the mind of the people. Especially in Germany, which has started an catching up with all the other European states in economic terms after the glorious war against France in 1871, a new national pride was sensible. This rise of another strong power in Europe led to political tensions and an political as well as military competition in Europe. Moreover the demand of new resources and markets drove the Western states like England, France, Germany and Russia into a struggle for raw materials in the new African colonies. This steady competition had finally created the necessary tensions for a war. The last trigger however has been the sick man of Europe, the Ottoman Empire. The high importance of the sea route to India and a decaying power, which has left a power vacuum and the attempt to create a Serbian state with the use of violence against the then-Habsburg monarchy have been the crucial spark to inflame the tinderbox. One soldier fighting for the “glory” of Germany was Erich Maria Remarque. In this war Erich Maria Remarque served as a German pioneer and experienced extreme barrages, rats and lice in the trenches and dug outs, fear, raging comrades, food shortages, devastation and the helplessness of humans against the roaring war machine. After this war, Remarque realized that war had nothing to do with heroic feelings and views. He tried to handle his experiences and give report of it, with the publication of the book “All quiet on the 3
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Western Front”. With this book Remarque tried to express his feelings about the war, the desolation, isolation and grief. His book showed a totally different picture as it was common before the WWI and later in the third Reich. Remarques narration was anti militaristic and against the cruelness of war. The title can more be seen as ironic because on the day his protagonist Paul Baumer dies on a day in which the official war report of Germany says All quiet on the Western front.
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