Scott 1 Morgan Scott Mr. Woehr November 13, 2019 Powers of Congress The Lawmaking Powers of Congress allow congress to have authority over financial and budgetary matters and to provide common defence and general welfare. These powers can be implied and expressed. Congress is exclusively allowed to appropriate funds. This allows the legislative branch to give money towards whatever they please. These powers also allow Congress to create a budget for the president. The Constitution allows the government power to pass bills into laws. The Oversight Powers of Congress is the power to oversee the Executive branch, agencies, programs, activities, and implementation of policies. These powers allow the Legislative branch to balance the executive branch’s power. These oversight powers give the Executive branch permission to do as they please, but with the surveillance of the legislative branch. The surveillance helps the legislative branch makes sure the executive branch is doing things fairly for all citizens. The Oversight powers also allow Congress to investigate anything they want and require anyone to appear in court. The Oversight powers keep checks and balances in order for the executive branch. The Non-Legislative Powers are powers that confirm or deny all major decisions made by the president. These powers allow the Legislative Branch to deny the President’s major decisions. These decisions are major appointments like Cabinet members and Supreme Court judges. Congress can deny a President’s decision in cabinet members. Congress can also impeach and remove any high government officials. Congress can impeach a high government official for treason, bribery, and other high crimes and
2 misdemeanors. The Law-Making Powers were used when passing Terrorist and Foreign Fighter Travel Exercise Act of 2019 in March of 2019. This law makes it a requirement for Homeland Security to conduct an exercise related to prevention and detection of terrorists. This law is a public law. This means it governs over the relationship between the government and an individual. The law also requires the national exercise program to include emerging threats.