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Intro to Organizational LeadershipREADINGNOTES

Intro to Organizational LeadershipREADINGNOTES - Intro to...

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Intro to Organizational Leadership Reading Notes Chapter Two-Trait Approach The Trait approach was one of the first attempts to study leadership Theories developed during the 20 th century were called, “great man” theories Focused on identifying the innate qualities and characteristics possessed by great social, political, and military leaders Believed the people were born with these qualities, only great people possessed Trait approached was challenged by research that questioned universality 1948, Stogdill Stogdill suggested that no consistent set of traits differentiated leaders from nonleaders across varied situations Leadership was now conceptualized as a relationship between people in a social situation Personal factors were considered relative to the reqs of the situation Recently, there’s been a resurgence of interest in the trait approach in explaining how traits influence leadership (Bryman, 1992) Lord, DeVader, Alliger (1986) found that personality traits were strongly associated with an individuals perceptions of leadership Kilpatrick and Locke (1991) claimed that effectve leaders are actually distinct types of leaders in key respects .
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