MANCHURIA.doc - RESTRICTED RUSSO-JAPANESE CAMPAIGN MANCHURIA 1 The significance of this rarely described Russo-Japanase campaign lies in its scale and

MANCHURIA.doc - RESTRICTED RUSSO-JAPANESE CAMPAIGN...

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RESTRICTED RUSSO-JAPANESE CAMPAIGN MANCHURIA 1. The significance of this rarely described Russo-Japanase campaign lies in its scale and above all its speed. Compared to the ponderous mile-by-mile Russian advance through Poland and Germany to Berlin and the Elbe in 1944 – 5 – which has tended to be regarded subsequently as archetypal of Soviet aspirations and capabilities in any future major conflict in Europe – this was a Blitzkrieg worthy of a Man stein or a Guderian. It is also significant that Manchurian campaign is widely studied for its lessons throughout the modern Soviet Army and is for that reason as well as for its intrinsic interest as a major example of operational art, receiving more attention in American and British staff colleges. 2. From Nov 1943 the USA and Great Britain were exerting pressure on Stalin to bring Russia into the war against Japan. Although in 1939 there had been a short but sharp campaign in Mongolia between Red Army and Imperial Japanese troops, this had not led to general hostilities eitheir then or later. But it was only in April 1945 that Russian planning for a Manchurian offensive began – as it became evident that the war against Hitler was rapidly drawing to its close thus releasing Russian resources. Stalin appointed Marshal Alexsandr M. Vasilevsky to head united Far East Command –
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