KOHIMA.doc - RESTRICTED BATTLE OF KOHIMA \u2013 IMPHAL 1 On 15 January 1942 the Japanese invaded Burma and try by mid June the remnants of Burcorps were

KOHIMA.doc - RESTRICTED BATTLE OF KOHIMA u2013 IMPHAL 1 On...

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RESTRICTED BATTLE OF KOHIMA – IMPHAL 1. On 15 January 1942 the Japanese invaded Burma, and try by mid June the remnants of Burcorps were completing a retreat of 1,000 miles to the hills of Assam on the Indian frontier, having lost most of Burma to the enemy including its important oil fields. For the defense of the Indian frontier region he could call on resources from India and some help from Chinese Nationalist Armies fighting under the prickly American commander, Vinegar Joe’ Stilwell striving to keep open the Burma Road into China, virtually the only lifeline for that embattled country. It was soon cut. The situation looked back indeed. 2. The Japanese High Command was aware that an Allied counter-offensive was being planned, and although they had earlier decide against an attack upon Imphal set amidst the inhospitable and communication starved Assam hills, in January 1944 they issued orders for the a pre-emptive offensive to take Tiddim, Kohima and Imphal in order to smash Fourteenth Army’s logistical bases and close the single all weather road linking Burma with India. It is doubtful whether they ever intended to march on Delhi, but major demonstration of Japanese strength on India’s north-east frontier within range of Calcutta
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  • Burma Campaign, Battle of Kohima, Battle of Imphal

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