KAS1 FINALS REVIEWER.pdf - DENILYN ALCARIA KAS 1 FINALS Reduccion\/Resettlement(1582 Lilipunin ang mga tao sa ilaya at ilawud PLAZA COMPLEX church

KAS1 FINALS REVIEWER.pdf - DENILYN ALCARIA KAS 1 FINALS...

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DENILYN ALCARIA 2019-09956 KAS 1 FINALS Sir Emmanuel Bolata Reduccion/Resettlement (1582) -Lilipunin ang mga tao sa ilaya at ilawud -PLAZA COMPLEX: church, government buildings, schools, hospitals, market plce -Bajo el son de la compana: life through hearing church bells -Benefits: management, tribute, Christianization -High possibility of abuse 17 Sept 1581: Fr. Domingo de Salazar -First bishop, stand-up for the natives and questioned the encomienda system; saw sufferings First Manila Synod -Assembly with religious orders and prominent colonists -Looking for justification for colonization -What right did Spain have to rule the Philippines? Fr. Martin de Rada (Augustinian) -Nakita rin ang pang-aabuso, none among these islands have come into power of Spaniards Patronato Real (Royal Patronage) -Extended authority from Pope to Catholic Monarch: create favorable space for Christianization -BY THE NAME OF THE KING Taxation 1. Direct Taxation: tribute, income tax 2. Indirect Taxation: services, bandala 1. Tributo/Buwis: 8 reales or 1 peso (umabot ng 10 reales) 2. Tithes: 1 real 3. Community Chest: 1 real 4. Sanctorum Tax: 3 reales EXEMPTIONS 1. Principales: incumbent and past gobernadorcillos/brgy heads and their descendants 2. Laborers: shipyard and arsenals 3. Mediquillos: vaccinators 4. Students SPECIAL TAXES 1. Samboangan / do native del Zamboanga -To prevent Moro raids (slave trade) -Slave and trepal (sea cucumber): commodities 2. Vinta / Falua -Protection for coastal region -Bulacan, Pampanga PADRON: list of people 1. Principales 2. Married: full tribute payers 3. Widower/Unmarried males: half tribute -Obras Pias: charitable institution 4. Exemptees -18 yrs old & below -60 yrs old & above -Church employees -The young / ninos: children below 7 yrs old; CHILD LABOR Bandala: vandala, mandala -Annual enforced sale, government must pay -1610-1616: Pampanga, 70,000 pesos Polo y Servicio: forced labor -Male: 16-60 yrs old, 40 days -1800: reduced to 15 days Polistas: construction of roads, churches, shipyards (Molave and Laguan) Falla (payment if you don’t work): absence-1 ½ reales per day; total of 60 reales Rules of Polo y Servicio 1. Must be paid 2. To be given resources (food from bandala) 3. Not to be taken to distant sites: di na sunod, Central Luzon to Southern Luzon Manila-Acapulco: GALLEON TRADE -Kurushio Current: Fr. Urdaneta 1565: start ng Galleon trade (Agoncillo) 1572: Manila (Arcilla) -Chinese silk, fine cotton from India, embroidered Philippine pina, Chinese porcelain, spices, and medical herbs 1sttry: 300% income 1593: regulation and limitation -Permiso: 250,000 pesos -Situado: 300,000 pesos -Boleta-ticket: document licensed for a space in Galleon given to Obras Pias since they have money to buy goods they illegally sell it English Buccaneers: pirates carried goods valued at 1 million pesos, reflection of corruption
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DENILYN ALCARIA 2019-09956 KAS 1 FINALS Sir Emmanuel Bolata 1586: 194 traders, 1780: 28 traders -Cause: MONOPOLY Polo y Servicio: paggawaan ng Galleon 1. Wood: Yakal, Molave, Lawaa/Laguan -Mindoro: pangalan ng lugar ay tungkol sa paggawaan ng Galleon -Calapan: kinakalap ang kahoy -Naujan: Nao de China and Galeon De Manila, inaassemble ang galleon -Puerto Galera -
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