Rape1992.pdf - See discussions stats and author profiles for this publication at https\/www.researchgate.net\/publication\/228127629 What is Rape Article

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See discussions, stats, and author profiles for this publication at: What is Rape? Article in Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences · January 2011 CITATIONS 0 READS 3,198 1 author: Some of the authors of this publication are also working on these related projects: Media and Violence Against Women View project Violence against women View project Patricia L. Easteal University of Canberra 197 PUBLICATIONS 759 CITATIONS SEE PROFILE All content following this page was uploaded by Patricia L. Easteal on 30 May 2017. The user has requested enhancement of the downloaded file.
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Violence Prevention Today No. 1 Rape Patricia Weiser Easteal October 1992 General Editor: Duncan Chappell The fear of sexual assault or rape is a part of every woman's life. In a plethora of ways this constricts and restricts females' mobility and manner of living. Just a few of the rules that girls are socialised with include: 'Don't walk alone at night,' 'Don't talk to strangers,' 'Don't hitchhike,' 'Don't dress in a provocative way'. Indeed, the reality is that rape is a threat for every female in Australia and this advice is solid and well-meaning, although in many ways it is based upon stereotypes about sexual assault which are not true and which act insidiously to impute blame on the victim. The purpose of this paper is to tear down the myths about rape by confronting the erroneous view of what rape is, who rapes, why men rape, and the impact of rape on the victim or survivor. 'Wait,' you may be saying. 'The title of this paper includes the word prevention and you are proposing to dispel myths. How is that prevention?' Answer: One of the only means available to reduce sexual assault and to enhance the probability that its victims will report it to authorities is through knocking down the false images of rape that act to perpetuate it in society. Therefore, although there will be little space given to specific preventative measures against 'stranger danger' and acquaintance/marital rape in this article, both the overt and underlying message of the paper is that rape prevention lies in changing societal attitudes about rape and about men and women. Rape is not limited to male perpetrators and female victims; however, it is overwhelmingly a crime against women. This article will therefore only focus upon adult female survivors and male offenders. In addition, issues such as the role of pornography and treatment programs for offenders are not discussed but undoubtedly merit research in the context of rape prevention. What is Rape? There are a multitude of definitions of rape both legally and within the folk mores of a culture. In this article, rape is defined as the penetration of the mouth, vagina or anus by any part of the attacker's body or by an object used by the attacker, without the consent of the victim.
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