1 | P a g eExpedited Partner Therapy Policy for Sexually Transmitted DiseasesSU PHE3050 Public PolicyChristal RayfordJanuary 13, 2020
2 | P a g ePolicies, laws, regulations and administrative practices are designed to protect the health and well-being of the general population and are passed by the federal government. States are responsible for following the rules and regulations, enforcing them as they see fit to protect the needs of its citizens. This paper is a review of Maryland laws and policy on sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Sexually transmitted diseases are very common in the United States and can easily be transmitted to others through sexual activities including oral, vaginal, and anal sex. According to CDC, there are millions of new infections occurring every year. (CDC, 2019) Some STDs cause symptoms while it is possible for others to not know that they have an infection, therefore spreading the disease. With some STDs having antibiotic resistance, timing is very important when it comes to treatment. Having an STD can also increase your risk of getting HIV which can also be transmitted to others. The CDC reported there was a 22% increase from 2017 to 2018 in newborn deaths from congenital syphilis, resulting in an increase from 77 deaths to 94 deaths from the prior year. (CDC, 2019) The CDC also reported increases in secondary Syphilis with more than 35,063 cases, Gonorrhea with more than 580,000 cases, and Chlamydia with more than 1.7 million cases from 2017 to 2018. (CDC, 2019) Maryland STD statistics are separated by the same top three leading reportable diseases. Sexually transmitted diseases are preventable, some can be cured, while other may be treated with medications, however it is very important that policies are made effective to ensure safe practicesthrough awareness, education, and treatment options to prevent the spread of STDs to others through reproduction and other sexual activities.