02-AncientMEslides08

02-AncientMEslides08 - Ancient Middle East Pre-Islamic...

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Ancient Middle East / Pre-Islamic Period ~3,000 BCE (and earlier) - 610 CE Two major cradles of civilization Egypt and the Fertile Crescent (Mesopotamia) Aided by useful geographical location waterways early ports caravan routes with oases Iran also important area of innovations Egypt Hieroglyphics Pharaoh-based dynasties Pyramids, statuary Precious metal and stone work Pottery work, Alabaster vases, Jewelry High level of civilization scribes social structure urban areas irrigation, hybrid crops animal domestication Pharaoh-Gods Temples, Sacrifices, Festivals (pyramid texts) Nut : goddess holds up the sky Geb : earth god, laughter = earthquakes Ra : sun god, power of life and death Akhenaten, one-time monotheistic ruler Afterlife for elite, netherworld of conflict Pyramids over tombs Necropolises (cities of death/burial) Mesopotamia Cuneiform Kings and gods Polytheistic Temples and Priests/Priestesses (Enheduanna) Myths and legends (Adapa, Shipwrecked Sailor)
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02-AncientMEslides08 - Ancient Middle East Pre-Islamic...

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