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04a-Pre-Islamic Times

04a-Pre-Islamic Times - Classical Literatures Literature...

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Classical Literatures Literature Reflects Society Tribal society Loyalty Generosity Warriors respected Humans and nature in harmony Polytheistic Nihilistic Commercial (trade in words) Formats: Hymns to gods and goddesses Myths and legends Creation and flood stories Dynastic “Handbooks” Poetry: Tribal boasts Elegies Odes of Praise Odes of Mockery Odes of Apology Odes of “comedy” Little narrative material Classical Languages in Flux Oral societies—strong memories Arabic language Semitic Cursive only No vowels or punctuation Left to right orientation Pahlavi (Old Persian) (Turkish and Berber are converted groups in Islamic age) The Qasida “ode” written on some occasion or for money from patron Odes of Praise Odes of Mockery Odes of Apology Odes of “comedy” 10-100 lines or more Attempt to use obscure or unique words Qasidas are Difficult to Write
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Two bayt lines, second ones must end with same letter Meter: the words and their inflection and short and long vowels
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