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Ashley Kunce 16243742 [email protected] History 1100 Long Essay During the antebellum period, the northern and southern societies were experiencing a number of differences. There were increased tensions between these two sections. Immigration, Urbanization, and industrialization in the North created problems that were addressed by reform movements, religious groups and political leaders. Religion has had a significant influence on a number of movements during this time period. During the antebellum period, there was a shift from the Calvinism faith to the Arminianism faith. Unlike Calvinism where humans had no choice in their own salvation, Arminianism allowed for the human will because salvation was open to everyone and people had a choice to accept it or not. The idea of Arminianism led to another idea called perfectionism, which was the idea that someone could become morally perfect after accepting salvation. John Wesley, founder of the Methodist denomination, believed that if humans could achieve perfection, then a society made up of perfect people could be morally perfect. This idea led to people believing in postmillennialism rather than premillennialism. In premillennialism, the world becomes worse and worse until the only option for saving the world is Christ’s second coming. Postmillennialism is a more optimistic belief that the world improves until perfection is attained. Postmillennialism became very popular during the 1800’s. Many of these religious movements occurred in New York, Massachusetts, Vermont and New Hampshire. The New England area became known as the “burned-over district” because so many religious movements were taking place back and forth and “burned” the area. Charles Finney was a key spokesman for a number of religious revivals in Utica, upstate New York in
1825. Finney was a significant figure in the religious revivalism movements because he incorporated women as prayer leaders and encouraged blacks and whites to worship together which had never been done before. Because of the increase in religious activity, there were many religious movements taking shape during this period. For example, Sabbatarianism became a religious movement aimed to

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