Mary Beth Slusar
Midterm Review Sheet
PERSPECTIVE, THEORY AND METHOD
Remember, you aren’t responsible for the material past pg. 18 starting with the section
“Three Ways to do Sociology” for the midterm—we will discuss research design and
methods on Tuesday (3/6) which will be on the final exam
What is sociology?
What is the sociological perspective?
Explain how Durkheim (social integration), C. Wright Mills (sociological imagination),
and Comte (positivism) were integral to the development of sociology as a discipline.
What is the structural functional theoretical perspective?
What are social structures, social functions, manifest functions, latent functions,
Be able to give examples of all of these.
How are Herbert Spencer and Robert K. Merton related to the structural
What is the social conflict theoretical perspective?
What is the gender-conflict approach?
The race-conflict approach?
Who are Jane Addams, Harriet Martineau, and W.E.B. Du Bois?
What is the symbolic interaction theoretical perspective?
What is the difference between micro-level approaches and macro-level
How do Max Weber, George Herbert Mead, Erving Goffman, George Homans,
and Peter Blau relate to this approach?
“Invitation to Sociology” (Berger)
According to Berger, why should we study sociology?
What is the sociological consciousness?
Define culture and society.
How is a culture different from a society?
What is culture shock?
Be able to describe and give examples of each of the 4 elements of culture.
Define and give examples of the following concepts related to cultural diversity:
culture, pop culture, subculture, counterculture, multiculturalism, ethnocentrism,
eurocentrism, cultural relativism, cultural integration, and cultural lag
How do the 3 theoretical perspectives view culture?
“Cultural Obsessions with Thinness”