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Unformatted text preview: 60015.casewrap.qxp 1/26/2006 2:27 PM Page 1 Encyclopedia of Clinical Pharmacy edited by Joseph T. DiPiro Panoz Professor (fPharmacy University of Georgia College of Pharmacy Athens, Georgia, U.S.A. and Clinical Professor of Surgery Medical College of Georgia Augusta, Georgia, U.S.A. College of Clinical Pharmacy * 0 Taylor & Francis Taylor & FrancisGroup Newyak Landon ISBN Print: 0-82474752-4 Online:0-8247-0608-0 This book is printed on acid-free paper. Headquarters Marccl Dckkcr 270 Madison Avenue, New York, N Y I00 I6 tel: 212-696-9000, fax: 2 12-685-4540 World Wide Web w w.dckker.com The publisher offers discounts on this book whcn ordered in bulk quantities. For more information, write to Special Sale.s/l-'mfcssional Marketing at the headquarters address abovc. Copyright 0 2003 by Marcel Dckkcr (except as noted on the opening page of each article.) All Rights Reserved. Ncither this book nor any part may be reproduced or transmittcd in any form or by any means, elcctronk or mechanical, including photocopying, microfilming, and recording, or by any information storagc and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Cumnt printing (last digit): 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Encyclopedia of CI inical Pharmacy Editorial Advisory Board Paul Abramowitz, Pharm.D. University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, U.S.A. Chris Alderman, B Pharm. FSHP, BCPP, CGP University of South Australia, Daw Park, Adelaide, SOUTH A USTRALIA Steven Barriere, Pharm.D. San Francisco, Califnrnia, U.S.A. Joaquin Bonal de Falgas Pharmaceutical Care Spain Foundation, Barcelona, SPAIN Gerhard Carstens St. Bernward Apotheke, HannoverDoe h ren, GERMANY George Dukes, Pharm.D. GlaxoSmithKline, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, U.S.A. Robert M. Elenbaas, Pharm.D., FCCP American College of Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP), Kansas City, Missouri, U.S.A. Laurence Goldberg, FRPharmS Buy, hcashire, UNITEL)KNGDOM William A. Gouveia Tufts-New England Medical Center; Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Thomas Hardin, Pharm.D., FCCP Ortho-McNeil Pharmaceutical, Inc., San Antonio, Texas, U.S.A. Mary Anne Koda-Kimble, Pharm.D. University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Milap C. Nahata, Pharm.D. The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, U.S.A. Atsuhiko Nishitani, Ph.D. Juntendo University Hospital, Tokyo, JAPAN Cynthia Raehl, Pharm.D. Texas Tech University HSC at Amarillo, Amarillo, Texas, U.S.A. Myrella Roy, Pharm.D., FCCP Consultant, Ottawa, Ontario, CANADA Barbara Wells, Pharm.D., FCCP, FASHP, BCPP University of Mississippi, University, Mississippi, U.S.A. Georges Zelger, Ph.D., PD Pharmacie des hdpitaux, du Nord Vuudois et de la Broye, Yverdon-lesBains, SWIKZERLAND List of Contributors Marwan S. Abouljoud i Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A. Azuccna Aldaz 1 C’linica Universituria de Navarru, I’amplona. Spuin Christopher P. Alderman i Repatriation General Hospital, Adelaide. Australia Kathryn T. Andrusko-Furphy / Atuscadero. Culifirnia, U.S.A. Joint Commission on Accreditation of Heulthcare Organizations (JCAH0)Illinois. U.S.A. Calvin J. Anthony I National Community Pharmacy Association, Arlington, Virginia, U.S.A. Edward P. Armstrong / University of Arizona, Tuc-son,Arizona, U.S.A. Carolyn H. Asbury 1 University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, Pennsylvunia. U.S.A. Iman E. Bajjoka / Henry Ford IlosIiitul, Detroit, Michigan. U S A . Teresa Bassons Boncompte Pharmaceutical Association of Catalonia, Barcelona, Spain Jerry L. Bauman / University of Illinois, Chicago. Illinois, U.S.A. Diane E. Beck /’ Auburn Univer.sity>Auburn, Alabuma. U.S.A. William Benda / Big Sur, [email protected] U.S.A. John D. Benz 1 Americun College of Clinical Pharmacy, Kansas City, Missouri, U.S.A. Dccna Bernholtz-Goldman / FujiiFawu Healthcare. Inc., Deerfield, Illinois, U.S.A. Richard J. Bertin i Council on Credentialing in Pharmacy, Washington, D.C., U.S.A. Theresa M. Bianco / Oregon Hcwlth Sciences University, Portland, Oregon. U.S.A. Beverly L. Black / American Society of Irlealth-Sy.steni Pharmacists, Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.A. James L. Blackburn / University qf Saskatchewun. Saskatoon. Cunadu Deborah E. Boatwright i Veterans Aflairs M e d i d Centec San Francisco, California. U.S.A. Joaquin Bonal de Falgas /’ Pharmaceutical Care Spuin Foundation, Burcelonu, Spuin Christine M. Bond i University of‘Aherdeen, Aherdeen, U.K. Joseph K. Bonnarens / Applied Heulth Outcomes, Tumpa, Florida, U.S.A. Brent M . Booker / University at Ruffulo, Buffalo, New York, U.S.A. Lynn Bosco i Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, Muryland, U.S.A. James Buchanan 1 Tularik, Inc., South San Francisco. California, U.S.A. Marcia L. Buck / University of Virginia Medical Center, Charlottesville, Virginia, U.S.A. Nanette C. Bultemeicr / Oregon State Universityt Portland, Oregon, [J.S.A. Kathleen M. Bungay The Health Institute, Boston, Mussachusetts, U.S. A. Naomi Burgess / Society of Hospital Pharmucists of Australia, South Melbourne, Austruliu Judith A. Cahill / Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy, Alexandria, Virginia, U.S.A. Karim Anton Calis / National 1nstitute.v of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.A. William Campbrll i Univer.vity of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, U.S.A. Alex A. Cardoni i The Institute of Living, Hartjwd. Connecticut, U.S.A. Jannet M. Carmichael / VA Sierra Nevada Heukh Cure System, Reno, Nevada, U S A . Allen Cat0 / &to Research Ltd., Durham, North Carolina, U.S.A. Allen Cat0 lli / Cato Rescwrch Ltd., San Diego, Calijbrniu, U.S.A. Christi Cawood Marsh /’ University Heulth Care Syvtem. Augustu, Georgiu. U.S.A. Jack J. Chen i Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona. California, U.S.A. ii Elaine Chiquette I San Anronio Cochrane Center, San Antonio, Taus, U.S.A. Marie A. Chisholm I University of Georgia College ofI’harmucy, Athens, Georgia, U.S.A. Thomas P. Christensen 1 North Dakota State University. Furgo, North Dakota, U.S.A. Robert J. Cipolle I University of Minnesotu, Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.A. Ana Clopes Ilospitul de Iu Stu. Creu i Sant I’au, Burcelona, Spuin George H. Cocolas I University of North Curolina, Chupel Hill, North Carolina, U.S.A. Marisue Cody / I4terans Affuirs Medicul Centec North Little Rock, Arkansas, U.S.A. .Michael R. Cohen I Institute,for Sa& Medication Practices, Huntington Vulley, Pennsylvuniu, U.S.A. Anthony Compton / St. Joseph k Hospilal of Atlanta, Atlanta, Georgiu, U.S.A. Rachel Crafts 1 Idaho Drug Injhrmatian Service, Pocatello, Idaho, U.S.A. Vicki S. Crane 1 Purklund Ilealth and Hospital System, Dullus, Texus, U.S.A. Jamie Cristy Solvuy Phurmuceuticub, Atlantu, Georgiu, U.S.A. Diane B. Crutch field I Pharmucy Consulting Cure, Knoxville, Tennessee, U.S.A. Vaughn L. Culbcrtson 1 Iduho Stute University, Pocatello, Idaho, U.S.A. Charles E. Daniels 1 Nalional Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.A. Lisa E. Davis I Philudelphia College of Phurmucy, Philudelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Robert DeChristoforo Vireo Lab Inc.. Rockville, Maryland, U.S.A. Joseph H. Deffenhaugh American Society of Health-System Phurmucists, Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.A. Joseph T. Di Piro University of Georgia College oj’ Pharmacy, Athens, Georgia, U.S.A. Nfonso Dominguez-Cil I Hospital Univer.sitario de Salamancu, Sulumunca, Spain Michael Dooley 1 Peter MacCallum Cancer Institute, Victoria, Austrulia Julie A. Dopheide / University of Southern Culiforniu, Los Angeles, Cali/brnia, U.S.A. Steven C. Ebert I Meriter IIospitul, Inc., Mudison, Wisconsin, U.S.A. Eduardo Echarri Arrieta I Sociedud Espuiiolu de Farmucia Hospitalaria, La Coruca, Spain Robert M. Elenbaas I Americun College of Clinical Pharmacy, Kansas City, Mimouri, U.S.A. Mary Ensom I BCk Children k di Womenk Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbiu, Cunadu Susan C. Fagan I University oj’Geo& College of Pharmacy, Athens, Georgiu, U.S.A. B i l l C. Felkey j‘ Auburn Univer.si& Auburn, Alabama, U.S.A. Donald J. Filibeck 1 Mt. Carmel IIome Infusion. Columbus, Ohio, U.S.A. Benet Fit6 Novellas I Pharmaci.st, Barcelona, Spain Annemieke Floor-Schreudering j’ European Society of Clinical Phurmacy, Leiden, The Netherlands Brent I. Fox / Auburn Univer,sity,Auburn, Alabama. U.S.A. George E. Francisco I Univer,sityof Georgia College of Phurmucy, Athens, Georgia, U.S.A. John A. Cans I American Pharmaceutical Association, Wushington, D.C., U.S.A. Steven Celone / Temple University, Philudebhiu, Pennsylvunia, U.S.A. Claire E. Cilmore I Phi1lb.s Group Oncology Communicutions, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Joaquin Giraldez 1 Clinicu Universituriu de Nuvarru, Pamplona, Spain Ma. Isabel Crespo Gonzalez I Urbanizucibn Monleclaro, Madrid, Spain Kathryn L. Grant I University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, U.S.A. Rafael Guayta Escolies I General Directorate of Public Heallh, Autonomous Govern of Cutulonia, Catalonia. Spain Dave Hachey I Idaho State University, Pocutello, Idaho, U.S.A. Cindy W.Hamilton 1 Hamilton House, Virginiu Beach, Virginia, U.S.A. David Hawkins 1 Mercer University, Atlantu, Georgiu, U.S.A. Dean G. Haxby I Oregon State University, Portland, Oregon, U.S.A. Yechiel Hckstcr 1 University Medical Centre, N i j m e n , The Nelherlands Mary Hemming I Therapeutic Guidelines Limited, North Melbourne, Austrulia Catherine A. Heyncman / Idaho State Universily, Pocalello. Idaho, U.S.A. Teresa J. Hudson I Veterans AJairs Medical Center, North Little Rock, Arkunsrrv, U.S.A., Antonio ldoate I Clinica Universitaria de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain iii John Jackson 1 Integrated Pharmucy Services, Kctoria, Austruliu Judith Jacobi 1 Methodist IIo.spital/Clarian Health, Indiunupoli,s, Indiana, U.S.A. Kevin M. Jarvis I Biocentric, Inc., Berkley, Michigan, U.S.A. Tommy Johnson i University of Georgia College of Pharmucy, Athens, Georgiu, U.S.A. Joan Kapusnik-Uner First DatuBank, Inc., San Bruno, Culifornia, U.S.A. Yasmin Khaliq I Rochestec Minnesota, U.S.A. Arthur H. Kibbe 1 Wilkes Universit)z Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvuniu, U.S.A. Daren I,. Knocll I The Ohio State Univer,si& Columbus, Ohio, U.S.A. Jill M. Kolcsar I University of Wi,sconsin, Madison, Wuconsin, U.S.A. Sheldon X. Kong ,! Merck & Co. Inc., Whitehouse Station, New Jersey, U.S.A. Joan K. Korth-Bradley 1 JR Ashtin Group lnc,, Canton, Michigan, U.S.A. Edward P. Krenzelok 1 Children k Hospital of' Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Patricia Dowlcy Kroboth University of Pittsburgh, Pittsbutgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Sumn E. Kucukarslan I Henly Ford Hospital, Detroit. Michigan, U.S.A. Peggy C . Kuehl ,! American College of Clinical Phurmacy, Kansas City, Missouri, U.S.A. Mae Kwong Americun Society of Health-Sy,stem Pharmacists, Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.A. Carlos Lacasa 1 Clinica Universituriu de Nuvurra, Pumplona, Spain Y.W. Francis Lam I University of Taus Heulth Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Taus, U.S.A. Grace D. Lamsrm 1 University of Pittsbuqh School of Phurmacy. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvuniu, U.S.A. Kimberly J. La Pointe Childrenk Hospital of The King? Daughters, Norfolk, Krginia, U.S.A. Beth A. Lcshcr i Humilton House, Krginia Beuch, Krginia, U S A . Donald E. Letendre / American Society of Heulth-System Pharmacists, Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.A. Arthur G. Lipman / University of Utah, Salt Luke City, Utah, U.S.A. Elizabeth Tracie Long 1 ISPOR--Internutionul Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Reseurch, hwrenceville, New Jersey, U.S.A. Neil J. MacKinnon Dalhousie Universiy, HuIifa, Nova Scotia, Cunudu Robert L. Maher, Jr. ,! Duqume Univer.sity, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Robert A. Malone I National Community Pharmucy Associution, Arlington, Krginia, U.S.A. Patrick M. iMalone 1 Creighton University, Omahu, Nebrusku, U.S.A. Henri R. Manasse, Jr. American Society oj Heulth-System Phurmacists, Bethesda, Marylund, U.S.A. Henar Martinez Sanz I Sociedud Espaiiolu de Farmucia Hospitularia, Mudrid, Spain Pilar Mas Lombarte 1 Fundacibn Hospitul-Asil de Granollers, Granollers, Spain Gary R. Mabke I Univer.sity of PittshuEh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. J. Russell May / Medicul College of Georgiu Hospitals & Clinics, Augustu, Georgiu. U.S.A. Theresa A. Mays 1 Cancer Therapy and Reseutrh Center, San Antonio, Taus, U.S.A. William McLean 1 Les Consultants Pharmuceutiques de I 'Outaouuis, Cantley. Quebec, Canada William A. Miller I University of Iowa, lowu City, Iowa, U.S.A. David 1. Min / Univer-sityof Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, U.S.A. Josi-Bruno Monioro-Ronsano / Hospital Generul VuN d 'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain Phylliss Morct 1 American Society of Consultant Pharmaci,sts, Alaundriu, Kqinia, U.S.A. Walter J. Morrison Provider Payment Solution, Inc,, Little Rock, Arkansas, U.S.A. Gene D. Morse 1 Universdy ut Buflulo, BuJaIo, New York. U.S.A. Pat Murray 1 Royal Edinbutgh Hospitul, Edinburgh, U.K. Milap C. Nahata i The Ohio Stale Univer,si& Columbus, Ohio, U.S.A. Gloria J. Nichols-English 1 University of Georgia College of Phurmacy, Athens, Georgia, U.S.A. Edward H. O'Neil I Western University, Pomona, California, U.S.A. Ana Ortega 1 Clinica Universitaria de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain MariaJosb Oiero Hospitul Universiturio de Salamanca. Salumuncu, Spain Thomas W. Paton / University of Toronto, Toronto, Onturio, Canudu Stephen H. Paul 1 Temple University, Philudelphiu, Pennsylvuniu, U.S.A. iv Richard P. Penna / American Association of Co1lege.s of’ PhurmaLy, Alexandria, Virginia, U.S.A. Carmen Permanyer Mum6 i Pharmaceutical Association of’ Catalonia, Barcelona. Spain Matthew Pern I11 i University of Georgia College of Pharmacy, Athens. Georgia. U.S.A. Vanita K. Pindolia / Henly Ford Health .’+stem, Detroit, Michigun, U.S.A. Stephen C. Piscitclli / Mrco Lab Inc.. Rockville, Maryland, U.S.A. Sylvie Poirier / Regie Regionale de la Sunte et de.9 Service.s Sociuux Monteregis Quebec, Cunuda Therese 1. Poirier / Duyucme University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvuniu, U.S.A. Samuel M. Poloyac / University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh. Pc’c.nsylvuniu, U.S.A. Jeff Poston I Canudian Pharmacists Association, Ottawa, Onturio. Canada Leigh Ann Ramsey / Univer.sity of Missi.ssippi. Jackson, Mississippi. U.SA. Teresa Rcqucna Caturla / Ifospitul “Principede Asturias ”, Madrid, Spain Renee E Robinson / The Ohio State Univer.sity, Columbus. Ohio, U.SA. Chip Rohison BeneScript Services, Incc., Norcross, Georgia U.S.A. David S. Roffman / University qf Maryland. Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A. Brendao S. ROSS/ Department of kteruns Affuirs Medical CenteK Juckson, Mississippi, U.S.A. Simone Rossi / Austrulian Medicines IIundbook Pty Ltd., Adelaide, Austrulia Myrella T. Roy / The Ottuwu Hospital, Ottawu, Ontario, Cunuda John RUSSO, Jr. / The Medical Communicutions Resource, Mahwah, New Jersey, U S A . Melody Ryan / Univer.sity oJ Kentucb, Lexington, Kentucb, U.S.A. Rosalie Sagraves / University of Illinois, c‘hicugo, Illinois, U.S.A. Richard T. Scheife / American College of C‘linical Pharmacy. Boston. Massachusetts. U.S.A. Lauren Schlcssclman / Niantic, Connecticut. U.S.A. Patricia H. Schoch I Denver VA Mc.dical Center. Denvec Colorado. U.S.A. Jon C. Schommer / University of Minnesotu. Minneapolis, Minnesotu, U.S.A. Terry L. Schwinghammer / University of Pittshuqh School qf‘ Phurmucy, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvunia, U.S.A. Gayle Nicholas Scott / Medical Communications and Consulting, C’he.sapeake, Mrginia. U.S.A. Leon Shargel / Eon Labs Manujacturing Inc., Jmmdton, New York, (J.S.A. Marjorie A Shaw Phillips / Medical College of Georgia Hospitab and Clinics, Augusta, and University of Georgiu College oj‘Pharmacy, Athens, Georgiu. U.S.A. Kenneth 1. Shine / Institute of Medicine, Wushington. Di.strict ojColumbiu, U.S.A. Ingrid S. Sketris / Dalhousie University. Hulifiu, Novu Scotiu, Cunudu Betsy L. Sleath i University of North Curolina, Chupel Hill, North Carolina, U.S.A. William E. Smith / Virginia Commonweulth University. Richmond, Mrginia, US.A. Patrick E Smith / 1Jniversity at Bujlizlo, Buffulo. New b r k , U.S.A. Mary ROSSSouthworth / (Jniver.sityqf Illinois, Chicago, Illinois, U.SA. Lara E. Storms I M n i a Commonwealth University School of Pharmacy, Richmond. Virginia, U.S.A. Lynda Sutton / Cato Research Ltd., Durham, North Carolina, U.S.A. C. Richard Talley 1 American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Bethesda. Maryland, U.S.A. Carl E. Trinca / We.stern University, Pomona, Califbrnia, U.S.A. Patricc Trouillcr / University Hospital of Crenoble, Grenoble, France Carl J. Tullio 1 Pfizer. Inc., Yorktown, Mrginia, U S A . Kimbcrly Vcrnachio / Cunton, Georgia. U.S.A. Peter H. Vlasscs i American Council on Pharmaceutical Education, Chicago, Illinois. U.S.A. Jeffrey W. Wadclin / American Council on Pharmaceutical Education. Chicago. Il1inoi.s. U.S.A. Margaret C. Watson / University qf Aberdeen. Aberdeen, U.K. Timothy Wcbstcr / American Society of Consultant Pharmaci.st.s, Alexandria, Mrginia, U.S.A. Barbara G. Wclls / Univecsity of Missi.s.sippi, Univer.sity, Missi.ssippi, U.S.A. Albert 1. Wertheimer / Temple Univemity, Philudelphiu, Pennsylvania. U.S.A. Roger L. Williams / U.S. Pharmucopeiu, Rockville, Maryland, U.S.A. Harold H.Wolf / University of Utah. Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.A. V Carol Wolfe 1 American Society qr Health-System Pharmaci.st.s,Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.A. Andrew R.C. YU / U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Rockville, Maryland, U.S.A. Woodie M. Zachry 111 / University of Arizona, Tucson. Arizona, U.S.A. Dawn C. Zarembski / American C'ouncil on Pharmaceuticul Education, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A. Barbara Zarowitz / Henry Ford Health Syslcm. gingham Farms, Michigan, U.S.A. David S. Ziska Applied Health Outcomes, Tumpu, Florida, U.S.A. Academia. Clinical Pharmacy Careers in / Iliane E. Beck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy / Judith A . Cahill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 ACPE Standards 2000 / J ~ f f r e yW. Wadelin and Peter H . Vlasses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 i0 Adherence to Pharmaceutical Care / Gloria J . Nichols-English and Sylvie Poirier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Adverse Drug Reactions / There.se I. Poirier and Robert L. Maker, Jr. ..................... 23 Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality I William Cumphell, Betsy Lynn Bosco . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Ambulatory CareRrirnary Care, Clinical Pharmacy Careers in / Dave Huchey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . American College of Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP) I Robert M . Elenbaus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . American Council on Pharmaceutical Education I Dawn 6. Zaremhski and Pcter H . Vlasses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 American Journul qf Health-System Pharmacy (ASHP) I C. Iiichard Talley . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 American Journal of PharmaccJutical Education I Grorge H . Cocolas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 American Pharmaceutical Association / John A . Cans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 American Society or Consultant Pharmacis Timothy Wehster and Phylliss Moret . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 American Society of Health-System Pharm . (ASHP) / C. Richard Talley . . . . . 56 Antibiotic Rotation I Steven Gelonc . . .................................................. 58 63 Anticoagulation Clinical Pharmacy Practice / Patricia H . Schoch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 Association of Faculties of Pharmacy of Canada I James L . Bluckburn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Australian Adverse Drug Reaction Advisory Committee / Christopher P . Alderman . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Australian Medicines Handbook / Simone Rossi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Best-Practices Documents (ASHP) I .I 0.wph H . Deflc,nbuugh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Biopharmaceutics / Leon Shargel and Andrew...
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