Jessie Ludwig French Revolution Terms - AP EURO FRENCH...

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AP EURO: FRENCH REVOLUTION: Key Terms Term/Person/Event Defining sentence in historic context. 01 Ancient Regime Ancien régime, (French: “old order”) Political and social system of France prior to the French Revolution. Under the regime, everyone was a subject of the king of France as well as a member of the estate and province. All rights and status flowed from the social institutions, divided into three orders: clergy, nobility, and others (the Third Estate). 02 National Assembly The name given to the Third Estate after it separated from the Estates-General in 1789. As a body, the National Assembly claimed to legitimately represent the French population. The assembly dissolved in 1791 so that new elections could take place under the new constitution. 03 National Convention The body that replaced the Legislative Assembly following a successful election in 1792. As one of its first actions, the convention declared the French monarchy abolished on September 21, 1792, and on the following day declared France a republic. 04 Oath of the Tennis Court On 20 June 1789, the members of the French Third Estate took the Tennis Court Oath (French: Serment du Jeu de Paume), vowing "not to separate and to reassemble wherever circumstances require, until the constitution of the kingdom is established". It was a pivotal event in the French Revolution. 05 Sans culottes Sans-Culottes. In the French Revolution, a radical group made up of Parisian wage- earners, and small shopkeepers who wanted a greater voice in government, lower prices, and an end of food shortages. de-Christianization. During the Terror, The Catholic Church was linked to real or potential counter-revolutions. 06 Le Chapelier Law The Le Chapelier Law (French: Loi Le Chapelier) was a piece of legislation passed by the National Assembly during the first phase of the French Revolution (14 June 1791), banning guilds as the early version of trade unions, as well as compagnonnage 07 Committee of Public Safety Political body in France from September 1793 to July 1794; provided defense for the

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