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QUIZ 3 A kindergartner, nervous because he is about to attend his first day of school, receives advice from his older sister (who is in the sixth grade) about how to act. This is an example of __________.socialization__________ focus on how humans design their own culture and transmit it from generation to generation through socialization. By contrast, __________ assert that nature, in the form of our genetic makeup, is a major factor in shaping human behavior. Sociologists; sociobiologistsAccording to __________, we cannot form a sense of self without intense social interaction with others. the symbolic interactionist approach Psychologist Carol Gilligan believes that women and men often have divergent views on morality. She argued that men are more concerned with __________, whereas women are likely to consider the __________ involved in the situation. law and order; social relationshipsThe case of Genie, a neglected and abused child, illustrates that ________________. it is not possible for children who experience extreme social isolation and neglect to ever achieve their full human potential According to sociologist Charles Horton Cooley, the __________ refers to the way in which a person’s sense of self is derived from the perceptions of others. looking-glass selfThe basic assumption in the psychoanalytic approach of __________ is that human behavior and personality originate from unconscious forces within the individual. Sigmund FreudAccording to Kohlberg’s framework of moral development, most adults are governed by concern for how they are viewed by others and whether or not they will be punished for their behavior. This is termed the __________ level of moral development. conventional
The cases of Anna and Genie are presented in the text in order to illustrate the point that_____________________________. socialization is essential for normal human developmentThe first step in the resocialization process is often a __________, in which individuals are stripped of their former selves by being denied privacy and being assigned institutional clothing. Degradation ceremonyDuring which life stage is socialization the most important? childhoodGeorge Herbert Mead breaks down the development of the self into three stages. Which of these is notone of them? conventionalA(n) __________ is a place where people are isolated from the rest of society for a set period of time and come under the control of the officials who run the institutions. total institutionA __________ is a group of people who are linked by common interests, equal social position, and (usually) similar age. peer group__________ is the systematic study of how biology affects social behavior and asserts that nature, in the form of our genetic makeup, is a major factor in shaping human behavior. Sociobiology__________ theorists emphasize that socialization reaffirms and reproduces the class structure in the next generation rather than challenging the conditions that presently exist.