12-2 - Guided Reading Activity Lesson 2 The War in the Pacific A Main Idea The early phases of the war in the Pacific went badly for the United States 1

12-2 - Guided Reading Activity Lesson 2 The War in the...

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Guided Reading Activity Lesson 2 The War in the Pacific A. Main Idea: The early phases of the war in the Pacific went badly for the United States. 1. Who was the commander of the U.S. navy in the Pacific? Admiral Chester Nimitz 2. Where did the Japanese strike after Pearl Harbor? American airfields in the Philippines 3. Who was commander of the U.S. troops on Bataan? General Douglas MacArthur 4. What was the Bataan Death March? Nearly 78,000 prisoners of war were forced to march 65 miles to a Japanese prison camp. 5. What was the Doolittle Raid on Tokyo? President Roosevelt was searching for a way to raise the morale of the American people. He wanted to bomb Tokyo. The Doolittle Raid convinced Japanese leaders to change their strategy. 6. Why was the Battle of the Coral Sea a significant U.S. victory? U.S. broke the Japanese navy’s secret code for conducting operations. And the American attacks prevented the Japanese from landing on New Guinea’s south coast and kept the supply lines to Australia open. 7. How did the Navajo code-talkers aid marines in battle?

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