EOC Notes Immigrant- Someone who moves to a new country People Who came to America 1. Native Americans- Came from Asia about 15,000 years ago. They were not citizens until 1924. 2. Europeans- came between 1700-1900 3. Africans- brought against their will as slaves (over 500,000) 4. Hispanics- #1 immigrants today (Central and South America-Latin America) Citizenship 1. *** You are an American if… o You were born in America, an American Army Base, or American Territory (Puerto Rico) o If one of your parents is a citizen. 2. *** If you want to become a citizen… o Must be 18 o Must live in America for 5 years. o Must read, write and speak English. o Must take test on Civics. o Must have good morals. 3. How you can lose your citizenship… o ***Treason – rebellion, spying. o Lying on your citizenship exam o Join another country Institutions – practices relationships, and organizations.
Family (most important) School Church Sports and Hobbies ***Popular Sovereignty -People Rule ***Aliens 1. Legal- You are following the law. a. Resident Alien- Lives here as long as they want b. Nonresident- stays for a short time 2. Illegal Alien- Not supposed to be here. ***Refugee-someone who legally comes here because they are in danger. (Cubans) ***People who get first choice to come to America are relatives of current citizens. ***Duties and Responsibilities of Citizens 1) Duty- Something you MUST do. a. Obey the Law b. Pay Taxes (schools, parks, roads, military) c. Jury Duty d. Defend the Nation (boys must register for the draft when they turn 18) 2) Responsibilities – things you SHOULD do a. Voting b. Volunteer (Peace Corps, AmeriCorps) c. Respect Others i. Tolerance – respecting others beliefs
Government’s Job 1. Security- Armed forces 2. Order (keep the peace) – Pass Laws, Establish Courts 3. Provide Services – Health, Safety 4. Guidance – dealing with other countries, managing economy American Government 1) Federal (National) 2) State 3) Local ****Types of Governments 1) Democracy – People Rule a. Direct Democracy – People make the laws (Ancient Greece) b. Representative Democracy (Republic) – We choose people to make our laws – Representatives (Rome) i.