Exam 2 study guide Cheat sheet

Exam 2 study guide Cheat sheet - Hippocrates believed that...

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Hippocrates believed that the brain was involved with sensation and was the seat of intelligence. Aristotle believed that the heart was the center of intellect. The brain was thought to be a radiator for cooling of blood. Aristotle’s Scientific Reasoning Scientific reasoning, according to Aristotle, involves deductive system based on observable (or imagined ) evidence that leads to logical premises. Aristotle and his colleagues conducted “thought” experiments. They attempted to think of all possible scenarios that would bear on a question to arrive at a scientific answer. From his pattern of thinking we have the syllogism , or logical scheme for an argument leading to a conclusion. Early Greek anatomists thought that the purpose of the brain is to cool the body. Syllogisms are combinations of major and minor premises and conclusions. Major premise - a general rule governing nature, life, morals, or other important issues Minor premise - a specific example of application of the general rule Conclusion - eliminates the terms common to the major and minor premise to arrive at an outcome General to specific = deductive , specific to general = inductive . Aristotle thought there were 2 systems one was in the heavens and was perfect this is the ether. The other was earthbound and was imperfect. The earthly elements were wet, dry, hot, and cold the earth was seen as the center of the cosmos. The objects in the sky were spheres revolving around a stationary earth. Parallax - is a term that refers to change in apparent position of an object viewed through two perspectives Galen was a Greek physician who served the Romans. He noticed the importance of the spinal cord in the production of movement of the limbs Leonardo da Vinci made examined internal organs and made castings of the brain that helped clarify the nature of the connections of nerves to the brain. Andreas Vesalius published Humani Corporis Fabricas in 1543 Relied on Titian to illustrate the text with nearly 300 drawings this was the dawn of the era of the application of modern scientific methods. Because the French were developing hydraulic machines during this era, the notion
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course NRSC 282 taught by Professor Oland during the Fall '06 term at Arizona.

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