Declaration of Independence Analysis Objective What did the Declaration of Independence actually declare? Background on the Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence was adopted by the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia on July 4, 1776. The document announced that the thirteen American colonies were at war with the kingdom of Great Britain, and that they regarded themselves as a newly independent nation. The document has four main parts - an introduction, a preamble that outlines a general philosophy of government, an indictment or list of particular charges or grievances against the King of England, and finally a denunciation that made the case for independence. Document Pre-Analysis: Watch this video and answer the two guiding questions below. 1) Who are the colonists addressing this song towards? Cite one piece of evidence from the video that led you to reach this conclusion. The colonists were addressing the British and the King. In the video they were showing clips of King George and they were saying “it’s too late to apologize”. 2) Why do you think it is “too late to apologize”? What has Great Britain done that the colonists feel it is “too late”? It is “too late to apologize” when they were suffering before, but when they were declaring that they want independence from the King and Great Britain. Great Britain has done many things to make the colonists believe that it is “too late” because before the British were taxing the colonists for little things such as tea and paper. These taxes were paying of the debt that Great Britain had for all the wars that took place. The colonists have been asking for change for years but they didn’t do anything. Primary Source: Declaration of Independence
Preamble 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 When in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
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- Fall '19
- Intolerable Acts, United States Declaration of Independence