Industry - 11/28/2007 10:18:00 AM Chapter 11: Industry Key...

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28/11/2007 11:18:00 Chapter 11: Industry Key Issues:  Where is industry distributed? Why do industries have different distributions? Where is industry expanding? Why are location factors changing? Communities mourn when factories close and rejoice when they open. Industry is much more highly clustered Section 1 Where Is Industry Distributed? Europe North America  East Asia Europe
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Western Europe o Appears as on industrial region o Main Districts United Kingdom Rhine-Ruhr Valley mid-Rhine northern Italy o United Kingdom Dominated in 19 th  century, producing more than the rest of the  world combined Industrial revolution originated here Because the region contained a high concentration of  innovative engineers and mechanics o Industrial Revolution - the collective invention of hundreds of  mechanical devices It created an unprecedented expansion in productivity, resulting  in higher standards of living Resulted in new social, economic, and political inventions, not  just industrial ones o Rhine-Ruhr Valley 2 cities because of river Iron and steel concentration because of proximity to coalfields o Mid-Rhine Center of Europe’s most important consumer market o Northern Italy
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Textiles Eastern Europe o Divided into 6 regions o Russia has 4 More on Europe: o Political instability delayed the diffusion of the Industrial Revolution in  Europe North America Industries arrived a bit later, but grew much faster In the colonial era, US was agricultural and depended on the import of  manufactured goods from Britain First Textile was in Rode Island, by Samuel Slater o The textile industry grew when the US imposed an embargo(ban) on  European trade and avoided the Napoleonic Wars U.S. Industrial Areas o Traditionally concentrated in the northeastern quadrant of the U.S. Achieved its dominance through a combination of historical and  environmental factors Tied to European markets and industries o 5 regions New England Early cotton textiles
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European immigrants provided abundant, inexpensive  labor throughout the 1800’s NE is now known for relatively skilled and expensive  labor Middle Atlantic The largest US market Depend on foreign markets or import raw materials Mohawk Valley Steel and food processing Inexpensive, abundant electricity(aluminum,paper Pittsburgh-Lake Erie Nation’s most important steel area in 1800’s Western Great Lakes Helps connect the country Transportation network Automobiles Chicago=transfer point o Canada Inexpensive electricity
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Industry - 11/28/2007 10:18:00 AM Chapter 11: Industry Key...

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