Political Geography 1

Political Geography 1 - 12/11/2007 2:45:00 PM Chapter 8:...

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11/12/2007 15:45:00 Chapter 8: Political Geography Where are states located? Why do boundaries between states cause problems? Why do states cooperate with each other? Why has terrorism increased?
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11/12/2007 15:45:00 Section 1 Where are States Located? State : o an area organized into a political unit and ruled by an establishment  government that has control over its internal and foreign affairs A state has Sovereignty Sovereignty : o independence from control of its internal affairs by other states Varying Size of States o Microstates : states with very small land areas Ancient o city-state : a sovereign state that includes a town and the surrounding  countryside Colonies o colony : a territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than being  completely independent Colonialism o European states came to control much the world through colonialism o Colonialism The effort by one country to establish settlements and to impose  its political, economic, and cultural principles on a territory
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Taking an uninhabited territory Imperialism o European control over Africa and Asia is referred to as imperialism o Imperialism : Control of territory already occupied  and organized by a society Summary of this section: A state is a political unit, with an organized government and sovereignty,  whereas a nation is a group of people with a strong sense of cultural unity. Most of Earth’s surface is allocated to states, and only a handful of colonies  and tracts of unorganized territory remain.
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11/12/2007 15:45:00 Section 2 Why Do Boundaries Cause Problems? Shape of states Types of boundaries  Boundaries inside states Boundary: o An invisible line marking the extent of a state’s territory Shapes of States shape affects communication, and conflict with neighbors 5 basic shapes Compact States: Efficient o in a  compact state : the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary  significantly ideally, it would look like a circle good for communication, center would be capital Prorupted States: Access or Disruption
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o Prorupted state : An otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension Has 2 purposes Provide a state with access to a resource(water) Separate two states that otherwise would share a  boundary Elongated States: Potential Isolation o Elongated states : States with a long and narrow shape Ex. Chile o Suffer from poor internal communications o Places at the end of the state can potentially be isolated from the capital Fragmented States: Problematic
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course GEOG 1992 taught by Professor Nagle,nich during the Fall '07 term at Colorado.

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Political Geography 1 - 12/11/2007 2:45:00 PM Chapter 8:...

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