Chapter 1 Book

Chapter 1 Book - Chapter 1 Book Chapter 1 Democracy and...

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Chapter 1 Book 22/01/2008 21:32:00 Chapter 1: Democracy and American Politics What democracy means, and how it can be used as a standard to evaluate  American government and politics. A systematic way to think about how government and politics work. Fact: The 1965 Voting Rights Act provided powerful federal government  protections for all American citizens wishing to exercise their right to vote. Democracy Who is to govern? How are those who govern to be encouraged to serve the best interests of  society? How can governments be induced to make policies and laws that citizens  consider legitimate and worth obeying? What is the best form of government? ----DEMOCRACY(answer)  Idea of democracy: o ordinary people want to rule themselves and are capable of doing so
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Political thinkers believe democracy is: o the form of government that best protects human rights because it is  the only one based on a recognition of the intrinsic worth and equality  of human beings o the form of government most likely to reach rational decisions because  it can count on the pooled knowledge and expertise of a society’s  entire population o more stable and long lasting because their leaders, elected by their  citizens, enjoy a strong sense of legitimacy o the form of government under which human beings, because they are  free, are best able to develop their natural capacities and talents Democratic Origins o Democracy A system of rule by the people, defined by the existence of  popular sovereignty, political equality, and political liberty “rule by the many” o Tyranny A society where leaders abuse their power o Athens is the purest form of democracy that ever existed Direct versus Representative Democracy
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o Direct Democracy Requires that all citizens be able to meet together regularly to: Debate Decide the issues of the day o Representative democracy (indirect) A system in which the people select others to act in their place Others are called representatives o People believe workplaces and schools can have more direct  democracy o People believe the internet will bring people directly together Fundamental Principles of Representative Democracy o 3 benchmarks to clarify the definition of democracy 1) Popular sovereignty 2) Political Equality 3) Political liberty A society with all 3 flourishing is considered a healthy  representative democracy Popular Sovereignty Popular sovereignty : the basic principle of democracy that the people  ultimately rule
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If authority resides in the hands of the few, democracy does not  exist o 6 ways to recognize popular sovereignty:
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Chapter 1 Book - Chapter 1 Book Chapter 1 Democracy and...

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