100%(1)1 out of 1 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 21 pages.
KAS 1 LT 2 REVIEWERSPAIN IN THE PHILIPPINESSpanish Colonial Administration1572 – Fall of ManilaSYNOD OF MANILA (1582)-Proposed by Domingo de Salazar-Tried to control abuses of officialsoThere were many abuses while “taming natives”-Attempted to publish Handbook for ConfessorsoAttempts to be published for officialsoNever materialized; burned; not published-Establishment of Diocese of Manila-Tried to standardize method of conversionoThere were 5 religious orders assigned a mission for a province before-There was an issue in languageoAt first, decree wanted Spanish to be taught, but impractical due to small Spanish populationoSpanish will then learn local language in the PhilippinesREDUCCION PLAN-Proposed by Juan de Plasencia-Forcedresettlement of natives-Relocation from small settlements to a larger town-“Bajo el son de la campane”= resettle under the sound of church bellsPLAZA COMPLEXoSettlement pattern oTo monitor natives from womb to tomboPublic open space with different institutions around itoCentral activity; residences around based on class*INTRAMUROS = within the wall ; Manila || ARRABALES = outside the wall; Extramuros> Ayuntamiento : houses Cabildo / City Counsil of Manila> Palacio de Gobernador : residence of Gov. Gen. of PHDOCUMENTSPADRON-Held by Cabeza de Barangay-List of all converted Christians in community-To recruit forced labor and collect tribute (Polo y Servicio)MAPA DE ALMAS-Held by Parish Priest-To check Christian duties and confessions* Same contents, different handlers* Seen in Noli me Tangere: Confession = cause of Don Rafael Ibarra’s death; church thought he was revolting against church because he didn’t confess for a long time.
REACTIONS ON COLONIZATION-Accepted-FledInfieles / Vagamundo / Ladrones-ResistedTulisanes / CinimaresSpanish Colonial StructureCENTRALIZATION-establish a central government and faithin the colonySPANISH EMPIRE-Has 4 viceroyalties (New Spain, Peru, Rio de la Plata, New Granada)-Philippines is under Mexico viceroy (viceroyalty of New Spain)Cabeza de Barangay-Collect tribute-Recruitment of forced labor (Polo y Servicio)-Former “Datu”-Holds the Padrones de Almas (Padron)Gobernador Heneral-“King of Philippines”-Head of Real Audiencia (Court)-Absolute, powerful dictator-Vice-real patron power over ecclesiastical appointments-Practically independent because Spain is far; decrees take months to reach
“A la ley se acata pero no se complo” =We revere the law, but we don’t obey Alcalde Mayor-Provincial level-Executive and judicial powers-INDULTO DE COMERCO = right to participate in galleon tradeoProne to corruption (ex. Private service/product may be used for public)Corregidor-Head of Corrigimientoso“Unpacified” / resistance areaoProcess of being corrected-Military governorGobernadorcillo-Head of Pueblos or Municipality-May be Filipino, literate in oral and written Spanish, 25 y/o above-Should be Cabeza for at least 4 years-Highest position a Filipino can earnRESIDENCIA-Judicial review of residenciado-Checks on misconducts of officials-