KAS 1 - 2nd LE Notes.docx - KAS 1 LT 2 REVIEWER SPAIN IN THE PHILIPPINES Spanish Colonial Administration 1572 \u2013 Fall of Manila SYNOD OF MANILA(1582

KAS 1 - 2nd LE Notes.docx - KAS 1 LT 2 REVIEWER SPAIN IN...

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KAS 1 LT 2 REVIEWER SPAIN IN THE PHILIPPINES Spanish Colonial Administration 1572 – Fall of Manila SYNOD OF MANILA (1582) - Proposed by Domingo de Salazar - Tried to control abuses of officials o There were many abuses while “taming natives” - Attempted to publish Handbook for Confessors o Attempts to be published for officials o Never materialized; burned; not published - Establishment of Diocese of Manila - Tried to standardize method of conversion o There were 5 religious orders assigned a mission for a province before - There was an issue in language o At first, decree wanted Spanish to be taught, but impractical due to small Spanish population o Spanish will then learn local language in the Philippines REDUCCION PLAN - Proposed by Juan de Plasencia - Forced resettlement of natives - Relocation from small settlements to a larger town - “Bajo el son de la campane” = resettle under the sound of church bells PLAZA COMPLEX o Settlement pattern o To monitor natives from womb to tomb o Public open space with different institutions around it o Central activity; residences around based on class *INTRAMUROS = within the wall ; Manila || ARRABALES = outside the wall; Extramuros > Ayuntamiento : houses Cabildo / City Counsil of Manila > Palacio de Gobernador : residence of Gov. Gen. of PH DOCUMENTS PADRON - Held by Cabeza de Barangay - List of all converted Christians in community - To recruit forced labor and collect tribute (Polo y Servicio) MAPA DE ALMAS - Held by Parish Priest - To check Christian duties and confessions * Same contents, different handlers * Seen in Noli me Tangere: Confession = cause of Don Rafael Ibarra’s death; church thought he was revolting against church because he didn’t confess for a long time.
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REACTIONS ON COLONIZATION - Accepted - Fled Infieles / Vagamundo / Ladrones - Resisted Tulisanes / Cinimares Spanish Colonial Structure CENTRALIZATION - establish a central government and faith in the colony SPANISH EMPIRE - Has 4 viceroyalties (New Spain, Peru, Rio de la Plata, New Granada) - Philippines is under Mexico viceroy (viceroyalty of New Spain) Cabeza de Barangay - Collect tribute - Recruitment of forced labor (Polo y Servicio) - Former “Datu” - Holds the Padrones de Almas (Padron) Gobernador Heneral - “King of Philippines” - Head of Real Audiencia (Court) - Absolute, powerful dictator - Vice-real patron power over ecclesiastical appointments - Practically independent because Spain is far; decrees take months to reach
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“A la ley se acata pero no se complo” = We revere the law, but we don’t obey Alcalde Mayor - Provincial level - Executive and judicial powers - INDULTO DE COMERCO = right to participate in galleon trade o Prone to corruption (ex. Private service/product may be used for public) Corregidor - Head of Corrigimientos o “Unpacified” / resistance area o Process of being corrected - Military governor Gobernadorcillo - Head of Pueblos or Municipality - May be Filipino, literate in oral and written Spanish, 25 y/o above - Should be Cabeza for at least 4 years - Highest position a Filipino can earn RESIDENCIA - Judicial review of residenciado - Checks on misconducts of officials -
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