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ETHICAL ISSUES IN END OF LIFE CAREEthical Issues of End of Life Care Bonnie Bolin Davenport University
ETHICAL ISSUES IN END OF LIFE CAREAbstractThere are ethical and legal issues that are considered in the end of life care. This issue is due to medical advances able to prolong the life span of terminally ill individuals. Instead of natural deaths, we have the technology to keep people alive without meaning by ventilators and intravenous nutrition. In order to accurately assess and analyze the ethical ramifications involvedwith autonomous decision making, advanced directives and futility. Keywords: the end of life care, advance directives, palliative care
ETHICAL ISSUES IN END OF LIFE CAREEthical Issues of End-of-Life Care End of Life is affected by many circumstances. There are many ethical and legal ramifications to consider due to medical advances that can prolong the life span of many terminally ill individuals. Doctors are all too often under the public spotlight for the ethical and legal dilemmas they face in end-of-life care.” (Thorns, A. (2010). Ethical and legal issues in end-of-life care. Clinical Medicine, 10(3), 282-285.). Of the many ethical issues surrounding life carethe most fundamental concepts must be known. To be able to accurately assess and analyze ethical concepts one must understand the ethical ramifications involved with autonomous decision making, advanced directives and futility.It is My Decision “Decision-making” for end-of-life care has gained importance as it can prolong human life with the support of medical technologies or can let the natural death process continue by foregoing the treatment option. Respecting autonomy isn’t equal to making a choice. Asking a patient “do you want to die at home?” is a choice. A person's right to self-determination is the starting point to many ethical dilemmas.Respecting autonomy has limits, brought into focus by the Mental Capacity Act 20051 and the increased emphasis on a patient's choice. The doctor needs to recognize these limits, being mindful of other responsibilities: to benefit and not harm the patient, and to use resources justly.
ETHICAL ISSUES IN END OF LIFE CARETruth is important in autonomyA Doctor must have the skills to identify the preferences of the patient and give