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Exam_2_Study_Guide - Psychological Treatments Chapter 16...

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Psychological Treatments - Chapter 16 Psychotherapy: Using psychological means rather than bioloical to treat emotional and behavioral problems. Therapist Clinical Psychologist- PhD and license to practice Psychiatrist- M.D. prescribe drugs Clinical or Psychiatric Social Worker-M.S.W. Counselors or therapists – no degree required Describe each of the following approaches to therapy Psychoanalytic- Frued Humanistic – gentle, safe environment, positive reenforcement, active listening, validation Behaviorist – aversive conditioning, unlearn things, systematic desensitization, what casued… Cognitive therapies – talking, “in your face”, affirmation, challenge style of thinking We dream using symboles. The unconcious is shared and can’t speak in a language. What is meant by an eclectic therapist? Uses methods from all types of therapy What is systematic desensitization? (behaviorist) – for phobias, introducing patient to feared thing little at a time aversion therapy? (behaviorist) assosicating pain with problem. Electric shock…. token economy (behaviorist) reward good behavior with something unconditional positive regard? (humanistic) create accepting atmosphere active listening? (humanistic) what your saying is, is that right?, it seems like that would be validation? (humanistic) positive reenforcement affirmations? (cognitive) challenge thinking by reenforing positive thoughts In general which psychotherapy is best – dependson disorder What is meant by a double-blind technique? Experimenter and subject don’t know conditions What is a placebo? “sugar pill” is recovery mental?
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