SOC-Ch.-7.docx - SOC Chapter 7 Groups and Organizations...

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SOC Chapter 7: Groups and Organizations Social Groups Two or more people who identify and interact with one another **Not part of a group unless you interact Non-groups: Category: those with a status in common, such as ethnicity or occupation Crowd: non-interacting group, such as an audience But, a common experience could turn a non-group into a group, e.g., a power black-out Primary Groups A small social group whose members share personal and lasting relationships Cooley called this type of group primary because they: —Are the first groups we experience —Shape attitudes, behaviour, and identity —Provide economic and other assistance —Are bound by emotion and loyalty **I.e., friends longer than 7 years Secondary Groups Large and impersonal groups whose members pursue a specific goal or activity Characteristics: —Weak emotional ties —Little personal knowledge of each other People look to one another strategically (for what they can do for one another) Part of a secondary group could turn itself into a primary group **I.e., soccer team (you know who they are, where they live, not much else) Group Leadership Important element of group dynamics Small circles of friends may have no leader at all However large secondary groups place leaders in a formal chain of command Two Leadership Roles Instrumental: focuses on the completion of tasks —Leaders make plans, give orders, and get things done —Secondary ties of respect Expressive: focuses on the group’s well-being —Leaders raise group morale and minimize tension and conflict among mem- bers —Primary ties of affection Three leadership styles Authoritarian: Makes decisions; demands that group members obey —Appreciated in a crisis
Democratic: Member involvement in decision making —Draw on creative ideas of members Laissez-faire: Leader mainly lets group function on its own Group Conformity

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