Chapter 8 - 9/29 Congress Drafts George Washington Washington was a great moral force rather than a great military mind and served as a strong and influential leader. The colonists distrusted New England, and they thought that their leader should come from Virginia (the most populous colony). Bunker Hill and Hessian Hirelings There was a lot of inconsistency in the Americas about whether the colonists should stay loyal to the king, or to completely separate from Britain. A small group of soldiers captured the British garrisons at Ticonderoga and Crown Point in New York (led by Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold). The colonists captured Bunker Hill and shot down the British (2 to 1) troops until they ran out of gunpowder and were forced to retreat. The Continental Congress later adopted the “Olive Branch Petition,” promising American loyalty to the crown in hopes of reconciliation - to which the king said no and hired German soldiers (Hessians) to kill the rebels. Most Hessians ended up staying in America with promises of wealth and land. The Abortive Conquest of Canada Two thousand American troops attacked Canada with hopes of adding a 14th colony (led by Richard Montgomery and Benedict Arnold). This attempt failed, and the colonies continued fighting amongst themselves. Thomas Paine Preaches Common Sense American loyalty to the British empire ran deep, but after the British burned the towns of Falmouth and Norfolk and other harsh treatments, they began to consider independence. In 1776 came one of the most influential pamphlets ever written called Common Sense, by Thomas Paine.