Causes of the Civil War Chart.pdf - Causes of the Civil War...

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Causes of the Civil War Chart - Extra Credit DIRECTIONS: Identify the years of each event and bullet point the impact of each event Event Years Impact Mexican War 1846 - 1848 Causes – Westward Expansions of US. Americans believed it was their right to expand west and conquer any people living there. Texas gained independence from Mexico in 1836. In 1846, Mexican army attacked soldiers in neutral zone & laid siege to fort on Rio Grande. First time war fought on US soil. General Santa Anna comes out of exile and takes over Mexican forces. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848-) Ended war altogether in a matter of minutes Mexico recognizes US annexation of Texas US-Mexico border established along the Rio Grande River Mexico agreed sell California & rest territory north of Rio Grande for $15 million, plus assumption of certain damages Compromise of 1850 1850 Package of 5 separate bills passed by the US Congress that defused political tensions between slave and free states in regards to the territories the US got from the Mexican-American War. 1. CA free state 2. remainder of Mexican lands divided into 2 territories of New Mexico and Utah, organized without mention of slavery (they could decide about slavery themselves) 3. Fugitive Slave Act passed to apprehend runaway slaves and return them to their masters. 4. payment of $10million for Texas getting part New Mexico 5.Buying/selling of slaves (but not slavery) abolished in Wash D.C Results: *put off Southern succession for a while Fugitive Slave Act controversial. Offended many Northerners. Refused to catch slaves, some even physically/actively obstructed the enforcement of the law *Underground RR became more efficient and daring
Uncle Tom’s Cabin 1852 by Harriet Beecher Stowe Anti-slavery novel that showed harsh reality of being a slave, but how Christian love could overcome the evil of enslaving other humans. HBS was an abolitionist.

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