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Unformatted text preview: Vocab word Definition Epic noting or pertaining to a long poetic composition, usually centered upon a hero, in which a series of great achievements or events is narrated in elevated style Myth traditional or legendary story, usually concerning some being or hero or event, with or without a determinable basis of fact or a natural explanation, esp. one that is concerned with deities or demigods and explains some practice, rite, or phenomenon of nature Cosmology the branch of philosophy dealing with the origin and general structure of the universe, with its parts, elements, and laws, and esp. with such of its characteristics as space, time, causality, and freedom Theodicy a vindication of the divine attributes, particularly holiness and justice, in establishing or allowing the existence of physical and moral evil. Time Honor Kleos Fame Xenia Welcoming into home Nostos Longing for home Nekuia Odysseuss descent into the underworld Motif a recurring subject, theme, idea, etc., esp. in a literary, artistic, or musical work Gilgamesh G was king of Uruk o Large and lots of walls in uruk o 2/3 god and 1/3 man o Began as a cruel king. Took advantage of power and raped any woman he wished o Physically beautiful Gods wanted to check his power, so they created Enkidu. o Enkidu lives with the animals and is a wild man o Then comes the harlot: she tames Enkidu and gives him sex, which makes him human. o The animals then reject him. The harlot teaches him all he needs to know to be a man and about G. o Mad about the way G acts, so travels to Uruk to challenge him. o Wrestle each other befor G can take another bride, G wins, they become friends. Once friends, they want to go on an adventure together o Want to steal trees from a forest forbidden to mortal: it is protected by Humbaba o Humbaba is a servant of god of earth wind and air, enil. o G and E fight humbaba, and kill him with the help of shamash, the sun god. o They cut down the trees and journey home Upon their return, Ishtar, goddess of love, falls in love with G o G denies her, so she asks her dad, anu, to send the bull of heaven to punish him. o G and E kill it o E gets sick and dies o Gilgamesh mourns his death and sets off to the forest to find utnapishtim, the Mesopotamian noah to find out how to get eternal life o Scorpians guard the mountain G must pass, but they relent when G asks them o Meets siduri, who tells him to be content with the life he has, but then tells him how to get to the ferry o Urshanabi the ferryman takes him across the waters of death. o He gets to utnapishtim and he says that G can have eternal life if he stays awake for a week. G fails so utnapishtims wife makes him tell G where the plant that restores youth is. G finds the plant, but a snake steals the plant....
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