Chapter 3 Notes.docx - Chapter 3 Socialization...

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Chapter 3: SocializationSocialization: the lifelong process of social interaction trough which individuals acquire a self-identity andthe physical, mental, and social skills needed for survival The essential link between the individual and society The process through which we become humanHelps us learn how to communicate with others and have knowledge of how other people expect us to behaveEvery human being is the product if biology, society, and personal experiences oMost crucial during childhood because survival and development Nature (heredity) and Nurture (social environment)Nature is the major factor in shaping humansEssential for survival and stability of a societySociobiology: the systematic study of “social behavior from a biological perspective”Social environment is a crucial part of an individual’s socializationChildren need to be surrounded by people who care for them, interact with them and provide their basic needs. This is essential for complete growth and development.Sigmund Freud: founder of psychoanalytic theory, developed theories in Victorian Era when biological explanations were prevalent. Based them on the urge to survive and the urge to procreate.3 states that reflect different levels of personality oIdComponent of personality that includes all of the individual’s basic biological drivesNewborns personality is all Id“I want that candy bar no matter what”oEgoRational, reality-oriented component of personality that imposes restrictions on the innate pleasure-seeking drives“I’ll have to wait until I have money to buy the candy bar”oSuperegoOr conscience, consists of the moral and ethical aspects of personality “it’s wrong to steal the candy bar”Jean Piaget: pioneer in the field of cognitive development; believed each stage of development children’s activities are governed by their perception4 stages of cognitive developmento

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