Lecture Outline •The role of the frontal cortex in thought. •Emotion and thinking. •The psychological study of language. –Language in non-human primates. –Language processing. –Language disorders. –Language development. Frontal Cortex and Thought •The frontal lobes are critical for thought. •Dorsolateral prefrontal region: damage here leads to impaired planning, more distractability, and deficits in working memory. –Skill acquisition shifts activity to the motor cortex and the basal ganglia. •Ventromedial prefrontal region: damage here interrupts connections to the limbic system and results in mood swings, loss of social inhibition, and changes in personality. –Ventromedial prefrontal damage impairs the feeling of emotion (no visceral reaction to disturbing images). Overview of Prefrontal Cortex (a) (b) Ventral view of Brain Dorsal view of Brain
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