HIST2112_Exam3 - HIST 2112 study guide for third exam the...

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HIST 2112 study guide for third exam the Cold War Democratic/capitalist vs Soviet Union No actual war, fought somewhere else Competition to space Arms race b/w us and USSR No world war Ideological contest between Western democracies and the communist countries. Soviet Union befriended countries in Eastern Europe behind an iron curtain , against Yalta conference. U.S. vs USSR on human rights, individual liberties, self-determination, religious freedom the Truman Doctrine Containment theory by George Kennan US should do anything possible to stop spreading communism Money to Greece turkey Iran to stay away from communism Economic aid mainly for other countries to help stop spread communism Financial Truman: Military force in Vietnam did not work, lost credibility here Worked in Korea $ 400M asked by Truman to assist Greece and Turkey Fall of Greece would reach the Middle East and Western Europe Kennan thought that US could not be involved in every hot spot No need for military intervention in Turkey/ Greece. Economic help NATO North Atlantic treaty Cold war organization All the nations that belong, mutual advanced packs If USSR attacks any ally, it’s an attack on all, NATO responds US/Canada/Western Europe to stop Soviet expansion in Europe 1Billion in help to NATO by the US Congress Marshall Plan Similar to Truman doctrine US give financial aid to European or Asian nation, help democracy survive, not communism, keep capitalism, Successful application of Truman, 13 Billion in help to 16 European nation, no military Directed not against a country but against hunger, poverty and chaos Build strong Western Europe so that communism doesn’t expand Plan worked, prosperity returned
Korean War Truman doctrine, communists in NK, backed by china, tried to take South Korea. 330,000, Success to the US, saved South Korea Containment policies (Truman doctrine) were more effective in Europe, not really in East Asia// Communists won a big civil war in China and started a war in Korea. Truman increase military spending on nuclear arms. NK tried to invade SK, Truman decided to go to war with the help of UN rather than waiting on Congress right away and saved SK. 330,000 troops to the rescue Fair Deal Truman re-election slogan New deal programs to save from great depression, 1948, ss, minimum wage, Extend ss, minimum wage, Won election Civil rights laws, he couldn’t pass Extend the legacy of FDR Truman was not doing very well Attracted farmers, Blacks, Labor unionists Federal aid to education, unemployment and retirement benefits, health system, enable rural people to connect electricity, increase minimum wage Executive Order 9981 Truman desegregate military units It abolished racial discrimination in the United States Armed Forces and eventually led to the end of segregation in the services Taft-Hartley Act Reaction by REPUBLICAN CONGRESS to strike Limits what unions can do, boycotts… anti-organized labor law Prohibited “unfair labor practices” such as CLOSED SHOP Required union leaders to take “Loyalty Oath” saying they’re not members of

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