GenPsych - Ch14 Personality2

GenPsych - Ch14 Personality2 - Lecture Outline The trait...

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Lecture Outline The trait approach. Personality assessment. McAdams’ “New Big 5.” A contemporary integrative personality theory. Origin of Trait Theories Based on common sense conceptions of people, also known as “folk psychology.” Begin with thousands of words from the dictionary that describe people. Allport noted some 18,000 traits. Through factor analysis, narrow down the number of concepts to a manageable set of traits . Cattell argued for 16 distinct traits. Trait Theories Traits can be measured by: Asking others to rate a person. Asking the person to fill out a questionnaire. From the answers obtained by these ratings, a personality profile is produced. Easy to score and statistically analyze. Different numbers of factors. Nearly all have extraversion and neuroticism. Eysenck’s Trait Theory A trait is a group of related behaviors. A type is a larger grouping of related traits. Three main types, characterized by these dimensions: Extroversion/Introversion. Neuroticism/Emotional Stability. Psychoticism/Impulse Control.
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Eysenck’s Pyramid The Three-Factor Theory of Personality Extraversion |--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------| Withdrawn Outgoing Neuroticism |--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------| Stable Unstable Psychoticism/Nonconformity |--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------| Low High The Situationist View The “person-situation” controversy. If behaviors are not consistent across situations, then traits don’t exist. Walter Mischel (1982, 1984): Presented evidence against behavioral consistency in different situations. Type Level Extraversion Trait Level Sociability Dominance Assertiveness Activity Livleliness Habit Response Level HR1 HR2 HR3 HR4 HR5 HR6 HR7 HR8 HR9 HR10 HR11 HR12 HR13 Specific Response Level SR SR SR SR SR SR SR SR SR SR SR SR SR SR SR SR
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Brill during the Spring '07 term at Rutgers.

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GenPsych - Ch14 Personality2 - Lecture Outline The trait...

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